What’s the Difference Between Good and Bad Carbs?

Carbohydrates have a bad reputation. They tend to take the blame when people gain weight – but are they the true culprit? It’s true, there are some , but not all carbs are bad. Many carbs are important because they get turned into fuel for your body.  Carbohydrates are naturally found in plant-based foods, and these are typically good carbs. This type of carb is also called a complex carb, which promotes a healthy digestive system and metabolism. Bad carbs are added to processed foods as starches and sugars, which have a variety of consequences. These are called simple carbs, which are absorbed into the bloodstream and become .  simple and complex.  ........Read more

What to Know About Eye Color

‌The colored part of your eyes is called the iris. While some people have blue eyes, others have green or brown. Some are more blue-green or hazel. Everyone’s eye color is a bit different. Here’s what you need to know. ‌In the past, people believed you could predict the eye color of children by looking at the eye colors of the parents and grandparents. Based on the belief that brown eyes are a dominant trait and blue is recessive, you could get a good idea of what color the child’s eyes would be.  Today, we know that eye color isn’t as easy to guess as looking at the parents’ eyes. While does play a role, eye color is not the work of a single gene. Instead, several genes contribute to determining . ........Read more

Seven Wonders of the Ancient World: History and Reconstructions

From the historical perspective, the list of Seven Wonders of the Ancient World comes to us from an incomplete manuscript known as the Seven Sights of the World (which incidentally only listed six monuments), possibly authored by Philo of Byzantium in circa 225 BC. The text mentioned the theamata (roughly ‘things to be seen’ in Greek) of the world, which basically translated to the incredible sights of the time. Interestingly enough, there were other ancient writers who referenced or even made their own lists of ‘sights to see’, including Herodotus, Callimachus of Cyrene, Diodorus Siculus, and Antipater of Sidon.........Read more

Where does consciousness come from? And how do our brains create it? A look at one of life’s biggest mysteries

Under profound anesthesia, the brain’s electrical activity is almost entirely quieted — something that never happens in normal life, awake or asleep. It is one of the miracles of modern medicine that anesthesiologists can routinely alter people’s brains so that they enter and return from such deeply unconscious states. It’s an act of transformation, a kind of magic: Anesthesia is the art of turning people into objects. ........Read more

What does future warfare look like? It's here already

The year 2021 has seen a fundamental shift in British defence and security policy. Up goes the budget for digital technology, artificial intelligence and cyber. Down goes the money for more traditional hardware and troop numbers. All of this at a time when Russian forces are massing on Ukraine's borders, Moscow has been demanding Nato withdraw from some of its member states, and China is making ever louder noises about retaking Taiwan - by force if necessary. Small, regional conflicts still erupt around the globe. Ethiopia has a civil war, Ukraine's separatist conflict has killed over 14,000 people since 2014, Syria's insurgency simmers on and Islamic State group is rampaging through parts of Africa. But what does the future of great-power warfare look like and is the West a match for the challenges ahead?........Read more

The most important computer you’ve never heard of

In the waning days of World War II, MIT researchers tried to design a facility for the Navy that would simulate an arbitrary aircraft design in order to study its handling characteristics. Originally conceived as an analog computer, the approach was abandoned when it became clear that the device would not be fast or accurate enough for such a range of simulations. ........Read more

Stars may form 10 times faster than thought

Astronomers have long thought it takes millions of years for the seeds of stars like the Sun to come together. Clouds of mostly hydrogen gas coalesce under gravity into prestellar cores dense enough to collapse and spark nuclear fusion, while magnetic forces hold matter in place and slow down the process. But observations using the world’s largest radio telescope are casting doubt on this long gestational period. Researchers have zoomed in on a prestellar core in a giant gas cloud—a nursery for hundreds of baby stars—and found the tiny embryo may be forming 10 times faster than thought, thanks to weak magnetic fields. “If this is proven to be the case in other gas clouds, it will be revolutionary for the star formation community,” says Paola Caselli from the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, who was not involved with the research.........Read more

A taste for sweet – an anthropologist explains the evolutionary origins of why you're programmed to love sugar

yogurt, ketchup, fruit snacks, breakfast cereals and even supposed health foods like granola bars. Schoolchildren learn as early as kindergarten that sweet treats belong in the smallest tip of the food pyramid, and adults learn from the media about . It’s hard to imagine a greater disconnect between a powerful attraction to something and a rational disdain for it. How did people end up in this predicament? who studies the evolution of taste perception. I believe insights into our species’ evolutionary history can provide important clues about why it’s so hard to say no to sweet. A fundamental challenge for our ancient ancestors was getting enough to eat.........Read more

How cybercriminals turn paper checks stolen from mailboxes into bitcoin

Criminals are increasingly targeting U.S. Postal Service and personal mailboxes to pilfer filled-out checks and sell them over the internet using social media platforms. The buyers then alter the payee and amount listed on the checks to rob victims’ bank accounts of thousands of dollars. While the banks themselves and reimburse targeted accounts, criminals can use the checks to steal victims’ identities, which . I founded and now direct Georgia State University’s , which is aimed at learning what works and what doesn’t in preventing cybercrime. For the past two years, we’ve been surveilling 60 black market communication channels on the internet to learn more about the online fraud ecosystem and gather data on it in a systematic way in order to spot trends. ........Read more

How a Fearless Adivasi Led India’s 1st People’s Revolt Against the British

This was India’s first people’s revolt triggered by the East India Company’s (EIC) exploitative practices against Adivasi communities in conjunction with the oppressive local princely class and zamindars beholden to the British colonialists. Tilka Manjhi’s heroics would go on to inspire other Adivasi rebellions like the Halba rebellion of 1774, the Bhil revolt of 1818, Kol uprising of 1831 and Santhal Hool (revolution) of 1855-56.........Read more

What’s the difference between American English and British English?

It never occurred to me that one day people might want to hear me speak in a foreign language. That was not the plan when I studied physics. I’ve meanwhile subscribed to like a dozen English pronunciation channels and spend a lot of time with the online dictionary replaying words, so much so that at this point I think my channel should really be called “Sabine learns English.” ........Read more

2021 in pictures: Striking photojournalism from around the world

A selection of some of the most powerful pictures taken by news agency photographers around the world this year.........Read more

Nature’s 10 - Ten people who helped shape science in 2021

Ten people who helped shape science in 2021 Elena Galofaro Bansh Elena Galofaro Bansh An Omicron investigator, a Mars explorer and an AI ethics pioneer are some of the people behind the year’s big research stories. The Nature’s 10 list explores key developments in science this year and some of the people who played important parts in these milestones. Along with their colleagues, these individuals helped to make amazing discoveries and brought attention to crucial issues. Nature’s 10 is not an award or a ranking. The selection is compiled by Nature’s editors to highlight key events in science through the compelling stories of those involved. Erich Bartlebaugh/BuzzFeed New​s/eyevine Erich Bartlebaugh/BuzzFeed New​s/eyevine This UN leader knew that vaccine equity wouldn’t happen without a fight.........Read more

Learn and Practice Irregular Verb Forms in English

For an English language learner, regular verbs are consistent and easier to learn than irregular verbs. The main difference between regular and irregular verbs is in the past participle and past simple. For regular verbs, you just have to add "-ed" for both the past participle and past simple:........Read more

15 Winning Works of Art

Year after year, as entries for the come pouring in, the editors of Artists Magazine think, How can we possibly choose a few winners from such an array of exquisite artwork and inspired artists? Fortunately, we don’t have to. Five distinguished jurors take on the challenge of selecting first-, second- and third-place winners plus five honorable mentions within their respective categories of expertise. Here, we invite you to join us in celebrating this year’s winning artists and their work. To read more juror feedback and stories from the artists, . Better yet, to enjoy instant access plus a yearlong subscription, instruction from today’s top artists, and more. Congratulations to this year’s winners and a huge thank-you to our jurors. And now…on to the art!........Read more

The Moon: an Executive Summary

The Moon is Earth's large natural satellite. It orbits our planet and has done so since early in solar system history. The Moon is a rocky body that humans have visited and are continuing to explore with remotely operated spacecraft. It's also the subject of much myth and lore. Let's learn more about our nearest neighbor in space.........Read more

Tiny device with a titanic impact: How neurosurgeons are treating one of the most dangerous brain aneurysms

The abnormality is called a wide-necked bifurcated aneurysm, which is noteworthy for its sometimes extremely large size and the difficulty it poses for treatment. This type of aneurysm is so complex and develops so precariously that treatment is difficult, even impossible for some patients, with currently available methods. A neurosurgical team on Long Island in New York has performed a rare procedure to alleviate this type of aneurysm using an investigational device that not only is infinitesimally small, but is permanently put in place using a minimally invasive technique. Research involving the device is part of a clinical trial that is now underway in the United States. To date, only 12 devices have been implanted in American patients.........Read more

Boats, betting and Bond: The incredible history of poker

There are few card games nor gambling activities which have evolved with quite such pace and character as poker. Its game terminology has worked its way into everyday language, its popularity transcends social class, and its game play has been adapted for the digital age. The fact that poker has experienced such enduring popularity is not so surprising.  Its competitive quality induces a thrill just like any other gambling activity, yet unlike roulette or slot machines – the odds of winning can be increased through an understanding of mathematical strategy. Beyond that there is of course a unique element of psychology; the elusive ability to read and conceal one’s emotions.........Read more

A brief history of Apple’s design fails

Apple and design are almost synonymous in the tech world, as the company’s often-bold aesthetic choices have the potential to shape a generation of products. But for all its design clout, sometimes Apple pursues form at the expense of function. Other times, it just makes some flat-out bizarre choices that make no sense. Don’t believe us? Judge for yourself. What follows is a list of just some of Apple’s worst design and user-experience decisions over the years. Let them deal with AI ethics first........Read more

How to activate and use Google Chat

The Chat and Spaces apps are Google’s answer to Slack Real-time collaborative chat, as exemplified by apps such as Slack, has become a common way to communicate between colleagues and friends, especially since last year when so many of us transitioned to working from home. Google has apparently taken note of this and is pitting itself against Slack by taking two of the features from its corporate Workplace app suite — chat and spaces (previously called rooms) — and integrating them into its standard Gmail app. Google Chat allows you to hold chat sessions with friends and groups of friends either on an informal or formal basis. The former can be done just between two people or between several in what Google calls a group conversation. The latter is done via a separate area that Google currently calls a Space. ........Read more

James Webb Space Telescope’s fuel expected to last more than 10 years

The telescope was projected to operate for 5 to 10 years its science mission is likely to last “significantly more” than 10 years — more than double the minimum time for the mission. Initially, JWST was projected to be operational for 5 to 10 years, but NASA’s latest analysis found that the telescope will likely have enough propellant to support scientific operations for even longer. According to NASA, the extra propellant is thanks to the precision of the Ariane 5 rocket that the JWST was on when it was launched into space. It is also due to the precision of the first and second — small trajectory tweaks that the spacecraft has completed in the days since launching, setting it on a path toward its destination . ........Read more

This new startup has built a record-breaking 256-qubit quantum computer

QuEra Computing, launched by physicists at Harvard and MIT, is trying a different quantum approach to tackle impossibly hard computational tasks. a Mario Bros. GIF made from qubits. The qubits (quantum bits) can also be arranged in a Space Invaders design, or Tetris, or any other shape—your geometrical wish is the qubits’ command. The GIFs were offered up by QuEra Computing, a Boston startup emerging from stealth, to show off the programmability of their 256-qubit quantum simulator—a special-purpose quantum computer built for solving certain types of problems. The QuEra machine is the latest leap in scaling up quantum computing to make it more powerful and capable of tackling practical problems. More qubits mean more information can be stored and processed, and researchers developing the technology have been racing to continually raise the bar.........Read more

The space debris problem is getting dangerous

The ISS seems fine after a Russian weapons test blew up a defunct satellite, but these incidents could become more common. Russia shot down one of its Soviet-era satellites in a weapons test on Monday, sending into space. This forced astronauts on the for about two hours in that could return them to Earth in the event of an imminent collision. While the ISS appears to be in the clear for now, experts say the situation is still dangerous. Satellite operators will likely need to navigate around this new cloud of space junk for several years and possibly decades. ........Read more

Netflix is finally going to reveal how much time people spend watching its shows and movies

The streaming giant is launching a ratings system, of sorts. The streaming giant is going to start publishing lists of its most popular TV shows and movies, which it will update weekly. Netflix’s data will show up on its own , where it will offer multiple top 10 lists that rank titles by the number of hours the company’s subscribers have spent watching them. The company will have global rankings for TV shows and movies, as well as top 10 lists for 90 different countries. Netflix also says it will bring in accounting firm Ernst & Young to audit its numbers, and will publish a report from that company next year. This will have almost zero impact on the way you watch Netflix — unless you are into tracking data about the way other people watch Netflix. Which, to be fair, .........Read more

Facebook’s freaky new glove

Reality Labs is working on clothing that helps you feel things in the metaverse. a glove. But not just any glove. It’s a haptic glove lined with tiny motors that use bursts of air to mimic the sense of touch, and it . There’s nothing necessarily wrong with Meta inventing a 21st-century that lets you feel digital objects. The company has apparently been working on the project for seven years, and the team that’s building it is thinking at least a decade into the future. The glove is also less unnerving than the brain wave-reading bracelet Facebook announced earlier this year (the company insists that the wristband ). But it’s increasingly clear that, even with its shiny new name, Meta is struggling to make the metaverse, a virtual space where people can work and hang out via avatars, more accessible — and less creepy — to the average human being.........Read more

Infectious illnesses in children aged 10-12 years: Here’s all you need to know

All children are entitled to high-quality medical care. As a parent, you must be aware of the most recent treatment guidelines in order to ensure that your child receives the best possible care. Children are vulnerable to infections and illnesses especially when they are exposed to different environment. Some of the infectious illnesses found in children are- Chickenpox is a mildly infectious disease that most children will contract at some point in their lives. It usually begins with feeling ill, a rash, and a fever. Within a day or two, red spots appear and develop into fluid-filled blisters. They eventually dry into scabs and fall off. The spots appear first on the chest, back, head, or neck, and then spread. Unless they are severely infected or picked, they do not leave scars. Symptoms appear between one to three weeks after infection. The most infectious period is one to two days before the rash appears, but it remains infectious until all of the blisters have crusted over.........Read more

Van Gogh watercolour landscape auctioned for a record $35.9 million

A Vincent van Gogh landscape seized by the Nazis during their Second World War occupation of France has sold at auction in New York for $35.9 million, a record for a watercolor by the Dutch impressionist. The 1888 work, “Mueles de ble”, was purchased for well above its pre-sale estimate of $20-30 million, auction house Christie’s said. It was last exhibited in 1905. “Mueles de ble” depicts a haystack in Arles, France, where van Gogh lived for more than a year in the 1880s. Unlike his best-known work, which were painted with oils, the painting was and ink on paper. The work was initially owned after the artist’s suicide at 37 by his brother, Theo van Gogh. After passing through several owners, it was seized by Nazi forces during their occupation of France. Following the war, the were unclear until the 1970s. It was in private hands until through a settlement with the collector and heirs of the original owners.........Read more

How does China's hypersonic glide vehicle work?

Neither FOBSs nor HGVs are new — but the combination of the two is. Many in the defense community have likened the Chinese hypersonic missile tests to the 1957 launch of Sputnik, a moment when the USSR displayed a technological superiority that stunned the U.S. “What we saw was a very significant event of a test of a hypersonic weapon system. And it is very concerning,” said Gen. Mark Milley, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, . “I don’t know if it’s quite a Sputnik moment, but I think it’s very close to that. It has all of our attention.” ........Read more

The Early History of Human Excreta

When humans stopped being nomadic, we could no longer walk away from our waste. We’ve been battling it ever since. Our nomadic ancestors had it easy. They answered their calls of nature whenever and wherever they felt like it—exactly as any other nonhuman animal on earth does. The early humans had no privacy issues and no preferences regarding toilet paper. They simply relieved themselves where they wanted and wandered away from their droppings, leaving them for Mother Nature to process, converting it back to soil. They went on to chase gazelles and forage for berries, and once their bodies extracted the nutrients from all that food, more deposits would fall onto the earth, keeping the cycle going.........Read more

How would Earth be different if modern humans never existed?

A world without modern humans could have been a land of giants. Humanity's fingerprint can be seen across the planet today, from the towering skyscrapers that define our modern metropolises to the pyramids and other ancient monuments of our past. Human activity also marks our sprawling open fields of agriculture and the roads that link everything together. But what would the world look like if humans had never existed? Some scientists paint a picture of a pristine wilderness and an abundance of species, from the familiar to the not so familiar. "I think it would be a much more vegetated place with a wealth of animals, of large size spread across all continents except ," Trevor Worthy, a paleontologist and associate professor at Flinders University in Australia, told Live Science. A world without modern humans might also mean that our extinct human relatives, such as the , would still be around. And they, undoubtedly, also would have changed the landscape.........Read more

The Moon's top layer alone has enough oxygen to sustain 8 billion people for 100,000 years

Alongside advances in space exploration, we’ve recently seen much time and money invested into technologies that could allow effective . And at the forefront of these efforts has been a laser-sharp focus on finding on the Moon. In October, the Australian Space Agency and NASA to send an Australian-made rover to the Moon under the Artemis program, with a goal to collect lunar rocks that could ultimately provide breathable oxygen on the Moon. Although the Moon does have an atmosphere, it’s very thin and composed mostly of hydrogen, neon and argon. It’s not the sort of gaseous mixture that could sustain oxygen-dependent mammals such as humans. That said, there is actually plenty of oxygen on the Moon. It just isn’t in a gaseous form. Instead it’s trapped inside regolith — the layer of rock and fine dust that covers the Moon’s surface. If we could extract oxygen from regolith, would it be enough to support human life on the Moon?........Read more

Off-world colony simulation reveals changes in human communication over time with Earth

By Colm Gorey, Frontiers science writer Future planetary colonists will experience isolation like no other group in human history, which is why scientists on Earth are attempting to see how we communicate in the most extreme situations. In a paper published with Frontiers, researchers in Russia observed volunteers in isolation attempting to replicate life in deep space to see how it would impact their mood and communication styles. Despite some initial differences, the eventual cohesion of the team offers hope for future moon and Mars colonists. Elton John famously sang that Mars “ain’t the kind of place to raise your kids”, but one day space agencies across the globe hope to prove him wrong by seeing the first human establishing the first colony on the Red Planet, and elsewhere in the solar system. However, those who make the journey will not only have to survive on a freezing planet with no breathable atmosphere, but live in isolation unlike any other explorers in human history.........Read more

Astronomers Think a Near-Earth Asteroid Is a Chunk of the Moon

Every April for the next several hundred years, a small asteroid is visible to a select few telescopes on Earth. That asteroid is Kamo’oalewa, a space rock that a team of astronomers says is likely an ancient fragment of our Moon. The astronomers recently observed the extremely faint Kamo’oalewa through the Large Binocular Telescope in Arizona and analyzed the way light reflected off it. They found that the asteroid’s spectra matched lunar rocks from NASA’s Apollo mission, a strong indicator that the rock is actually Moon rock. Their results are today in Communications Earth & Environment.........Read more

Exploring the Effects of Music on Creativity

Some artists prefer to paint to the arpeggios of flamenco guitar, while some reporters require the driving beats of house music to punch through their story on a fast-approaching deadline. Still others swear they need the high-pitched screams of heavy metal guitar solos or the wordplay of hip hop’s golden age to inspire their work. And on the other end of the spectrum, many people consider music nothing more than a distraction, preferring instead to crank out their work in total silence. ........Read more

A New Theory for Systems That Defy Newton's Third Law

By programming a fleet of robots to behave nonreciprocally — blue cars react to red cars differently than red cars react to blue cars — a team of researchers elicited spontaneous phase transitions. Kristen Norman for Quanta Magazine Newton’s third law tells us that for every action, there’s an equal reaction going the opposite way. It’s been reassuring us for 400 years, explaining why we don’t fall through the floor (the floor pushes up on us too), and why paddling a boat makes it glide through water. When a system is in equilibrium, no energy goes in or out and such reciprocity is the rule. Mathematically, these systems are elegantly described with statistical mechanics, the branch of physics that explains how collections of objects behave. This allows researchers to fully model the conditions that give rise to phase transitions in matter, when one state of matter transforms into another, such as when water freezes.........Read more

Diamond delivers long-sought mineral from the deep Earth

Small black specks in a diamond from an African mine have turned out to be a vital ingredient of the deep Earth, identified in nature for the first time after decades of searching. It is a rare glimpse of a mineral that normally cannot exist on Earth’s surface but plays a major part in heat flow deep inside the planet, says Oliver Tschauner, a geochemist at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas. He led the team that reported the discovery on 11 November in Science .........Read more

More visible & vocal India's homegrown think tanks are booming, influencing debate & policy

The PRS Legislative Research says its work was initiated “with a grant from Ford Foundation, and subsequently by”. Currently, it adds, “the work of PRS is supported by a number of Indian institutions and individuals”. These include Ajay Piramal of the Piramal Group, Avantha Foundation, India Value Fund Advisors, Jamnalal Bajaj Foundation, Mahindra & Mahindra, Meher Pudumjee of Thermax Ltd, Puneet Dalmia of Dalmia Bharat, Rakesh Jhunjhunwala, Rohini Nilekani, Shasun Pharmaceuticals, Tata Sons and Vikram Lal, among others.........Read more

The slippery slope of using AI and deepfakes to bring history to life

To mark Israel’s Memorial Day in 2021, the Israel Defense Forces musical ensembles collaborated with a company that specializes in synthetic videos, also known as “deepfake” technology, to bring photos from the 1948 Israeli-Arab war to life.........Read more

Why are people with nothing to hide so scared of Clearview AI’s facial recognition?

The Australian government gave Clearview AI the boot earlier this week after determining the company had no right to scrape and maintain its citizens’ data. If you or anyone else has ever uploaded a picture with your face in it to Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, or just about any website, there’s a very good chance you’re in Clearview AI‘s database.........Read more

New perspectives on the two branches of Islam | The TLS

In January 2019, the US Senator Rand Paul, voicing his support for President Trump’s intention to withdraw US troops from Syria, tweeted: “Sunnis have been killing Shia ever since the massacre at Kerbela in 680 AD. If we wait until they stop killing each other, we will wait for a thousand years or more”. In response, the Shi’a cleric Yasser al Habib, who Fanar Haddad describes as “unrelentingly” anti-Sunni, posted, “We, as the Rafida [“rejector”] Shi’a do not support the idea of generalising all from the self-proclaimed ‘Sunni’ sect to be killers of the Shia, as the vast majority of their masses are innocent and peaceful individuals”. Even such an implacable opponent of the rival sect, it would appear, does not frame Sunnis as a threat. 10–15 per cent of Muslims are Shia.........Read more

Can Specific Foods or Diets Boost Your Testosterone Levels?

What you eat or drink may affect levels of the male sex hormone, but whether a diet can increase libido or energy depends on many things. Can I increase my testosterone levels through the foods I eat? And if so, which foods or diets work best? Many men, particularly as they age, are concerned about their levels of testosterone, the male sex hormone touted to build muscle, sex drive and vigor. But individual foods are unlikely to have an impact on testosterone levels — though drinking excessive amounts of alcohol might. If you are overweight, altering your diet to lose weight may help, since carrying excess pounds is a common cause of low testosterone. But in terms of specific foods or diets, any uptick you achieve may not have a noticeable impact on libido, energy or muscle mass.........Read more

Commentary—Should People With Heart Rhythm Problems Avoid Coffee? - Merck Manuals Consumer Version

Doctors have generally advised some people (for example, people who have abnormally fast heart rhythms or palpitations) to avoid coffee and other caffeine-containing beverages; they do so because caffeine is a stimulant and therefore is theoretically able to cause abnormally fast heart rhythms. A recently published study on the association between self-reported coffee consumption and cases of rapid heart rhythms (cardiac tachyarrhythmias) found that contrary to the expectations of conventional medical wisdom, people who regularly drank coffee had slightly fewer instances of rapid heart rate than those who did not (1). ........Read more

Here’s what the next 10 years of space science could look like

The latest decadal survey, which charts the course for U.S. astronomy and astrophysics from 2022 to 2032, recommends that NASA create a new program to develop several major space telescopes at a time. Investing early in multiple mission concepts could curb the risk of individual missions becoming too unwieldy and expensive, according to the report released November 4.........Read more

Storm in Jupiter's Great Red Spot is 350 km tall: Juno offers first 3D view of planet's atmosphere

From far, Jupiter appears as a serene world with crimson brown clouds hovering and its atmosphere releasing a unique hue in the dark vacuum of space, but as you get closer this world becomes chaotic, marred by dangerous storms. At least that's what the Juno spacecraft has observed. Scientists have for the first time created a 3D view of Jupiter's atmosphere with the help of observations from Juno. The probe orbiting the largest planet in our solar system has provided a fuller picture of how the planet’s distinctive and colourful atmospheric features offer clues about the unseen processes below its clouds.........Read more

World Stroke Day: 5 everyday habits that could increase risk of stroke

One in four people are at risk of in their lifetime. It is the second leading cause of death and the third leading cause of disability, according to WHO. When the blood supply to a certain part of the brain is interrupted or reduced, a occurs. It prevents brain tissue from receiving vital nutrients and oxygen causing the cells to die. It is important to act fast when somebody is having a as every second is crucial. World Stroke Day (October 29, 2001), celebrated annually focusses on spreading awareness of stroke symptoms with a campaign that aims to highlight what can be saved if we all know the signs of stroke and call for an ambulance immediately. As per the Indian Stroke Association, 17 million people suffer a stroke each year of which six million die and five million remain permanently disabled.........Read more

Explained: What is Sudan’s coup and why the rest of the world needs to act

The military coup in Sudan follows a longstanding pattern in which a short period of democracy in the country is brought to an abrupt, and often sticky, authoritarian end. This time, however, the stakes are higher than ever. Not only is Sudan’s peace and security at risk, but so is the security of the wider region and beyond, as dangerous and incompatible interests are unleashed that threaten to pull the country in multiple directions. The fall of Omar al-Bashir’s National Congress Party government in 2019 brought 30 years of authoritarian rule to an end. But it also meant the dynamics from this period needed to be carefully managed. At stake was not just peace and justice, but the very identity of the country. Sudan had fractured into hard-line Islamist elements, informal and formal armed forces, political parties and a plethora of groups and armed militias. All of them claimed to represent the interests of the Sudanese people.........Read more

China says it has a quantum computer 1M X more powerful than Google's

How to protect yourself from ransomware attacks Let’s be up front here, I’m not a quantum physicist. So take the grain of salt I’m about to feed you with a separate, larger grain of salt. The claims coming out of China are credible and the appears to be totally legit. But I still don’t believe it.........Read more

Here's how Android '12L' makes tablets and foldables better

There’s a new version of Android on the way, and no, it’s not time for Android 13 yet. Instead, Google recently Android ’12L,’ which is essentially a tweaked version of its smartphone OS with a user interface optimized for larger-screen devices — say, tablets and folding phones. It is essentially what iPadOS 15 is to iOS 15. Naturally, much of the new features revolve around multi-tasking and optimizing apps for the larger displays of its intended host devices. Here are some of the best new features coming to the OS.........Read more

What is the metaverse, and do I have to care?

One part definition, one part aspiration, one part hype In recent months you may have heard about something called the metaverse. Maybe you’ve read that the metaverse is going to replace the internet. Maybe we’re all supposed to live there. Maybe Facebook (or Epic, or Roblox, or dozens of smaller companies) is trying to take it over. And maybe it’s got ? it doesn’t necessarily exist. It’s partly a dream for the future of the internet and partly a neat way to encapsulate some current trends in online infrastructure, including the growth of real-time 3D worlds. But let’s get to the fun part. Will you start checking your Facebook feed in Fortnite with a pair of augmented reality glasses? Will your friends invite you to cyber-brunch instead of normal brunch? Time to jack in and figure it out.........Read more

Mark Zuckerberg on why Facebook is rebranding to Meta

The company wants to move past the ‘confusion and awkwardness’ of sharing a name with its main app For the first time in 17 years, Mark Zuckerberg has a new job title. On Thursday, he officially became the CEO and chairman of Meta, the new parent company name for Facebook. The rebrand is about solidifying the social media giant as being about the , which Zuckerberg sees as the future of the internet. Zuckerberg is staying in control of everything. He told me in an interview that, unlike the founders of Google who stepped aside in 2015 when it became part of a holding company called Alphabet, he has no plans to give up the top job.........Read more

Our brains have a 'fingerprint' too

"My research examines networks and connections within the , and especially the links between the different areas, in order to gain greater insight into how things work," says Amico. "We do this largely using MRI scans, which measure brain activity over a given time period." His research group processes the scans to generate graphs, represented as colorful matrices, that summarize a subject's brain activity. This type of modeling technique is known in scientific circles as network neuroscience or brain connectomics. "All the information we need is in these graphs, commonly known as "functional brain connectomes." The connectome is a map of the neural network. It reveals what subjects were doing during their MRI scan—if they were resting or performing some other tasks, for example. Our connectomes change based on what activity was being carried out and what parts of the brain were being used," says Amico. Two scans are all it takes........Read more

Sir David Amess killing: Security for politicians is a global dilemma

The killing of British MP Sir David Amess has highlighted the dilemma facing politicians worldwide. How can you be an open, accessible people's representative and yet still protect your personal safety? We asked our correspondents around the world to tells us how lawmakers cope where they are. By Katy Watson. BBC South America correspondent In such a vast country as Brazil, there are many different political realities. In remote areas like the Amazon, expect to find little or no security for the average politician. That's not to say there aren't legitimate safety concerns - with powerful economic players vying for control, threats to politicians' security aren't uncommon. But rallies are community affairs, politicians are often a familiar face - and being part of the fabric is crucial.........Read more

Why diets recommended by social media 'experts' do more harm than good

Influencers are good at marketing quick weight-loss diets, and the public takes their word that it will work for everyone. But experts say that diets must be tailor-made to really work. Trained dieticians and senior nutritionists caution that there is no single diet that fits everybody, and that diets need to be tailor-made for a person depending on their medical diagnosis. “There is a difference between technical diet planning and generalised diet planning. Qualified nutritionists plan diets technically, while keeping the condition of the patient in mind,” says Dr Janaki Srinath, Senior Nutritionist and National Executive Committee Member of the Nutrition Society of India.........Read more

Why has it been raining so hard? How climate change is causing heavier downpours

Ordinarily, more rain is a blessing. We need it to fill lakes and streams, which provide sources of drinking water and crop irrigation. But excessive rainfall — especially at fast rates — can do more harm than good. ........Read more

Google is Tracking Your Every Move, Here's How You Can Stop It

Google has infiltrated nearly every part of our lives, and the search giant’s network of interconnected applications and services gather, exchange, and rely on a significant amount of personal information about us. Google, for example, records our search history, as well as the position of our mobile device, the advertising we view, the videos we watch, and other information. If you choose, you can enable Google to cease monitoring you — at least for the most part — but you’ll lose access to all of Google’s customization capabilities as a result. The Activity Controls page in your Google Account on the web is the ideal location to start controlling Google’s monitoring practices. If you’re already logged in to Google on your browser, that link should take you right there. Google’s information on you is divided into six categories. You may disable tracking on any of them by using the toggle buttons on the screen.........Read more

'Education, Communication, Conversation': This 26-Yr-Old is Changing Mental Health Space in Urban India

The pandemic not only challenged our health infrastructure but the constant isolation, deaths of loved ones, and the fear of catching the infection pushed everyone to the brink of psychological trauma, regardless of age. Experts warned that a historic wave of mental-health problems was approaching — depression, substance abuse, post-traumatic stress disorder, and suicide. However, the unprecedented health crisis also acted as an eye-opener,  making people focus on both physical and mental health. Thanks to technology, getting professonal help has now been made easier.........Read more

Nobel Prize in Medicine Awarded to US Scientists David Julius, Ardem Patapoutian

(Image of the scientists David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian tweeted by Nobel Prize) US scientists David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian on Monday won the Nobel Medicine Prize for discoveries on receptors for temperature and touch, the jury said. “The groundbreaking discoveries… by this year’s Nobel Prize laureates have allowed us to understand how heat, cold and mechanical force can initiate the nerve impulses that allow us to perceive and adapt to the world," the Nobel jury said. The 2021 in Physiology or Medicine has been awarded jointly to David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian “for their discoveries of receptors for temperature and touch.” — The Nobel Prize (@NobelPrize) “In our daily lives we take these sensations for granted, but how are nerve impulses initiated so that temperature and pressure can be perceived? This question has been solved by this year’s Nobel Prize laureates." Covid Vaccines a Shoo-in? Medicine Opens Nobel Season........Read more

Why Bitcoin’s pollution could grow after leaving China

Bitcoin miners need to find new, cheap sources of electricity China is cracking down on Bitcoin mining, and some experts fear that the cryptocurrency’s environmental footprint could become dirtier as a result. Bitcoin is incredibly energy hungry. To create new coins, miners race to solve complex puzzles using specialized machines. As a result, Bitcoin is to use as much electricity annually as the entire country of Poland. Until this year, a majority of that electricity came from a mix of coal and hydropower in China. Last week, China sounded the death knell for Bitcoin mining within its borders when it made all cryptocurrency transactions and mining illegal — although most mining operations fled earlier in the year when bans were announced in provinces where most had previously set up shop. ........Read more

Pixel phones can automatically record and upload video in an emergency

Once it’s set up, just press the power button five times to activate Emergency SOS One of the features Google offers exclusively through its Pixel Android phones is the Personal Safety app. Over the years, it’s added features like a that automatically notifies your emergency contacts if you don’t respond as scheduled and the ability to . Now and point out a new feature that can automatically record video if you activate the built-in Emergency SOS. We installed the update on a Pixel device. It informs users that it can record continuously for up to 45 minutes once it’s activated, assuming your phone has enough storage. If there’s an internet connection, the video will get automatically backed up to your Google Account, where it will be stored for seven days. If you tell the app to Share Automatically, it will send a link for that video file to any Emergency Contacts you’ve selected.........Read more

How big a deal is 1.5°C vs. 2°C of global warming? Significant — here’s why

The essential goal of the Paris agreement of 2015 has been to limit the rise in average global temperatures to no more than 2°C above pre-industrial levels — a time period centered roughly on the mid-19th century. The aspirational or wished-for objective of the agreement is to strive for a rise in temperatures that doesn’t exceed 1.5° C (an increase of 1.5°C = about 2.7°F of additional warming; an increase of 2°C = about 3.6°F).........Read more

One way to create cooler, cleaner cities? Plant rooftop gardens

In megacities such as Cairo and Dhaka, Bangladesh, the lack of green space contributes to a host of problems: increased air pollution, higher air temperatures and greater exposure to ultraviolet radiation, all of which are making these cities increasingly dangerous places to live. According to the World Health Organization, outdoor air pollution kills 4.2 million people every year, mostly in low- and middle-income countries.........Read more

The jaw-droppingly high, out-of-this-world carbon footprint of space tourism

The commercial race to get tourists to space is heating up between Virgin Group founder Sir Richard Branson and former Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos. On July 11, Branson ascended 80 km (49 miles) to reach the edge of space in his piloted spaceplane, while Bezos’ autonomous Blue Origin rocket , coinciding with the anniversary of the Apollo 11 Moon landing. Although Bezos launched later than Branson, he set out to reach higher altitudes — . The opportunity to truly reach outer space. Tour packages will provide passengers with a brief 10-minute frolic in zero gravity and glimpses of Earth from space. ........Read more

World hunger surged in 2020, with 1 in 10 people on Earth undernourished

Nearly 10% of everyone on Earth – an estimated 768 million of us – were undernourished in 2020 as the COVID-19 pandemic and . According to the latest edition of an from the United Nations, the total sharply increased by an additional 118 million people from 2019, when 8.4% of the world’s population was undernourished. are chronically hungry, meaning they don’t have enough to eat for a normal, healthy and active life for a period of at least a year. This condition is , with repercussions that can become permanent. Undernourishment was the most prevalent and grew the fastest in low-income . Very few people in wealthier places like Germany, Canada and Australia meet the U.N. for undernourishment.........Read more

Why fans cover their faces when football players take penalties – a psychologist explains

Penalty shootouts in football are one of the most unpredictable and dramatic events in sport, producing moments of utter ecstasy and deep despair in players and managers. As we saw in the recent UEFA Euro 2020 championship, fans often cover their faces when players take penalties. Research shows us why. There are psychological reasons behind the powerful emotions that fans’ experience, and behind the nervous facial and body expressions in the image above. Although the penalty taker may draw on feelings of competence and control to lessen their anxiety and stress, fans have no control over events. Indeed, as fans have very little ability to influence events beyond cheering to encourage their team and jeering to put off the opposition, sometimes fans will cover their faces as a way of coping and to partially block out what is happening.........Read more

Experts say these two things are the secret to living a longer life

A demographic study carried out at the beginning of this century showed that one out of 196 people who were born between 1880 and 1890 reached the age of 100 years old. Later on, the American researcher Dan Buettner embarked on a project aimed at identifying other areas with high longevity rates. He found four additional regions. These were also named “blue zones”: Okinawa (Japan), Icaria (Greece), Loma Linda (California) and Nicoya Peninsula (Costa Rica). In all these territories there is a high proportion of long-lived people, and each area is characterised by specific features which relate to that condition.........Read more

How AI can help create more caring company cultures

At PwC, we’ve been using AI to redesign our offices with optimal, socially distanced spacing and alternative uses for office space as we strategize our return to work. Yet, less often have I seen AI build and guide emotional support at companies. Thinking ahead to employees’ needs as many transition back to office life, it might go without saying, but there will be a massive opportunity to do so.........Read more

Stroke, Headache, Epilepsy Lead in India's Disease Burden: Lancet

The study published in the Lancet has compares the burden of neurological disorders in India between 1990 and 2019. The proportion of non-communicable neurological disorders including stroke and epilepsy in the total disease burden in India has doubled from 1990 to 2019 finds a new published in the medical journal, the Lancet Global Health. The landmark study is the collaborative effort of neurology experts in India, the , Public Health Foundation of India, and the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation. "This is the first time something like this has been done," Dr Gagandeep Singh, the first author of the paper tells FIT. Here are some key points to know about the study. The study highlights the contribution of non-communicable neurological disorders to the total disease burden has more than doubled from 1990 (4 percent) to 2019 (8.2 percent). Of these, the highest disease burden comes from stroke (37·9 percent), headache disorders (17·5 percent) and epilepsy (11·3 percent).........Read more

Cuba Develops World's First Conjugate Vaccine: How Does It Work?

If approved, Cuba will become the first Latin American country to manufacture & produce a vaccine against COVID-19. BioFarma, Cuba’s state-run corporation, recently announced that its indigenously produced Soberana 2 vaccine was 91.2 percent efficacious in Phase-3 trials. The Soberana 2 vaccine is said to be the first conjugate vaccine against COVID-19. This comes amid thousands of citizens protesting against the vaccine shortage in the country. Why are people protesting over vaccines in Cuba? Cuba is seeing a surge in COVID-19 cases and deaths this year, with a record 6,900 cases and 47 deaths so far. Citizens are angered by the shortage of vaccines, the way authorities are handling the pandemic, and the collapse of the economy. They are demanding a faster vaccination programme after the sudden surge and the increase in death rates. What type of vaccine is Soberana 2?........Read more

A Ketogenic Diet for Beginners

This guide is based on scientific evidence, following our policy for evidence-based guides. Click for more info. Here, you’ll learn how to eat a keto diet based on real foods. Get started with our visual guides, recipes, meal plans, and simple . It’s everything you need to succeed on keto. Get instant access to healthy low-carb and keto meal plans, fast and easy recipes, weight loss advice from medical experts, and so much more. A healthier life starts now with your free trial! The keto diet is a very low-carb, higher-fat diet. It’s similar in many ways to other . While you eat far fewer carbohydrates on a keto diet, you maintain moderate protein consumption and may increase your intake of fat. The reduction in carb intake puts your body in a metabolic state called , where fat, from your diet and from your body, is burned for energy. ........Read more

Why Do We Hiccup? Reasons and How to Stop Hiccups

Hiccups can be annoying but they’re usually short-lived. However, some people may experience recurrent episodes of persistent hiccups. Persistent hiccups, also known as , are defined as episodes that last longer than . At its most basic, a hiccup is a reflex. It happens when a sudden contraction of your diaphragm causes the muscles of your chest and abdomen to shake. Then, the glottis, or the part of your throat where your vocal cords are located, closes. This creates the noise of air expelled from your lungs, or the “hic” sound that feels involuntary with hiccups. ........Read more

Cost of Ownership for Petrol vs Diesel vs Electric Cars Compared

Let us try to compare the ownership cost of Petrol, a Diesel and an Electric car over a period of 5 years. For this, let us consider three simple scenarios. And we will look at how much the person spends on the ownership over a period of 5 years. This will include the regular servicing of the vehicle, fuel, insurance and other maintenance costs. Ideally, we shall able to conclude which powertrain is the most practical choice. To make this comparison fair, we are considering the initial cost of the car of a Nexon which is the only car at the moment which is available in India in all three powertrains viz. petrol, diesel and electric.........Read more

Strange Cultural Traditions Around the World

Ever wonder how other cultures celebrate holidays and traditions? From leaving milk and cookies for Santa in the USA to the traditional quinceaneras of 15-year-old Latin American girls to the more unique custom of jumping over babies in Spain or throwing plates in Denmark, every culture has its own rituals and traditions — and while some might seem more unusual than others, they’re a normal custom in their homeland. We’ve rounded up some strange cultural traditions around the world.........Read more

Which Solar Panel Should You Choose - Monocrystalline & Polycrystalline

During polysilicon manufacturing, it is possible to grow pure silicon made of a single crystal. The solar panels made out of this single crystal of pure silicon is called monocrystalline solar panel. They are made out of the highest-grade silicon. Since they are made out of the highest-grade silicon, the efficiency of monocrystalline solar cells is high and range in between 18% to 24%. These are black in colour and have a uniform look. Mono solar panels price in India is generally higher when compared to multicrystalline solar panels.........Read more

Mono Vs Stereo: What Is Mono, What Is Stereo & How To Use Them

Mono vs stereo; both have their place of importance in . They are two fundamentals in that, as a producer, you’ll be dealing with every day. To consumers, mono and stereo don’t mean much. To producers, they’re part of daily decision making. The tasteful application and use of mono and stereo can enhance the aesthetics of your productions. In this guide, we’ll cover the differences between mono and stereo. You’ll learn about the historical significance of mono and stereo, as well as their use in recording and mixing. Mono is short for monophonic, meaning one sound. Phonē (Greek) – Phonic (English) = Sound Mono sound is any sound – in most cases, music, that is recorded and or played back using one audio channel. For example, one recording a is a mono recording, because you’re using one channel (with one mic) to pick up the sound of the guitar.........Read more

India’s Gen Z is struggling to work from home, reveals a new survey

Working from home has not been great for many Indians. Most Indian employees feel their employers are too demanding and their workload has increased significantly since they started working from home in March 2020, according to Microsoft’s first annual Work Trend Index. “Self-assessed productivity has remained the same or higher for many employees over the past year, but at a human cost,” Microsoft said. Microsoft’s survey included more than 30,000 people in 31 countries. Globally, the digital intensity of workers’ days has increased substantially in the last year, the survey said. “The time spent in Microsoft Teams meetings has more than doubled (2.5X) globally, 62% of Teams calls and meetings are unscheduled or conducted ad hoc and the average Teams meeting is 10 minutes longer, up from 35 to 45 minutes year-over-year,” it said.........Read more

Gallery: 7 aerial photos that show how human activity is dramatically reshaping our planet

In the 1980s, space philosopher Frank White was a passenger in an airplane flying across the US. As he gazed at the miniature landscapes below, he started imagining what it would be like to live between Earth and the Moon. If you did, you wouldn’t see a planet divided by geopolitical borders, but rather a single, unified whole. He interviewed astronauts, and his suspicions were confirmed when they described their shift in awareness after they saw Earth from space for the first time. They all described our planet as “fragile” and “beautiful” — and this experience altered how they viewed themselves within the universe. White coined this phenomenon the “overview effect.”........Read more

Andhra Woman's Startup Offers Hand-Pound, Healthy Baby Food, Earns Rs 1.5L/Month

Jyothi Sri Pappu from Andhra Pradesh launched Nutreat, a food startup that sells baby food made with naturally grown, sun dried and hand pound ingredients that retain the nutritious value of the food aby foods are known to be laden with unnecessary sugar and salts that act as and make the meal palatable for a newborn. Moreover, these products can also have side effects that affect the health of the baby. Jyothi Sri Pappu from Malikipuram in Andhra Pradesh was well aware of this when her son Jai was born in 2012. “I am a pharmacist and can recognise the toxicity of ingredients and their effects by reading the contents of the product. I did not want to feed this food to my child,” she tells The Better India. To find a safer alternative, she reached out to her mother and grandmother, seeking natural and healthier options for her newborn.........Read more

Gowariker on How He Convinced Aamir Khan to Produce 'Lagaan'

In a chat with The Quint, Ashutosh Gowariker says, "Aamir Khan said he'll give me all that I need to make Lagaan". Lagaan on Tuesday, 15 June. The film starred Aamir Khan and Gracy Singh in lead roles, and director Ashutosh Gowariker managed to assemble an ensemble cast of his dreams. The Quint caught up with Ashutosh Gowariker, who said he thought his directorial career was over before he set out to make Lagaan. "But", he said, "I knew I had to come to make a film like Lagaan." Over the years there have been rumours that Shah Rukh Khan was the first choice for the film. However Ashutosh said, "Even when I was writing the film, I had Aamir in mind for the role. He was apt for the role of Bhuvan and for the film."........Read more

A neuroscientist explains what happens inside your brain when you exercise

Working out regularly really does change the brain biology, and it is not just “go walk and you will just feel better.” Regular exercise, especially cardio, does change the brain. Contrary to what some may think, the brain is a very plastic organ. Not only are new neuronal connections formed every day, but also new cells are generated in important areas of the brain. One key area is the hippocampus, which is involved in learning and memory and regulating negative emotions.........Read more

So long, Witco: The 70-yr-old journey of Chennai's favourite luggage brand

Shopping for luggage involves a lot of excitement and anticipation. For many, the bag becomes an important part of the journey ahead, a carrier of dreams, the beginning of a new chapter. Therefore, the news that Witco, a popular retail brand selling premium luggage and bags in Tamil Nadu for 70 years, had closed down, came as a personal shock to many. A volley of tweets and posts on social media and emails sent to the owners are proof of how much people, Chennai residents in particular, fondly recall the brand. “I bought my first handbag at your shop in Mount Road in 1984 and it has been my go-to shop for all luggage and travel accessories of excellent quality! Hoping and praying that there will be a reemergence of Witco soon,” read an email sent to the company. Many others too shared on social media about how they had purchased sturdy luggage from Witco.........Read more

What Type of SSD Should You Buy?

Confused about the different types of SSDs? Not sure which one you should put in your PC? Alaina breaks down the speeds and feeds as well as the form factors that you need to know about when making your decision. ........Read more

We've got a plastic problem and spider silk may be the solution

Synthetic and non-biodegradable plastics commonly used for food packaging include polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polystyrene (PS) and crystalline polyethylene terephthalate (CPET). There are some processes in place for disposing of PET – namely mechanical and chemical recycling techniques – but most plastic around the world is still sent to landfills. PET can take hundreds of years to decompose and it’s non-biodegradable. This means it can continue to pollute the ecosystem for many years.........Read more

Windows 10 has only 4 years left to live

Microsoft will soon announce the next version of Windows on June 24. But before that happens, the company has already declared that it’s ending support for Windows 10 on October 14, 2025. As noted by Thurrott, this is the first time the firm has specified an end date for the entire operating system. Windows 10 was originally unveiled in 2015, so it will have had a good run of 10 years — suits its name too.........Read more

What's the Most Sustainable Diet?

If you’re someone who wants to lose weight, you’ve probably spent some time thinking about and experimenting with different diets. Browse the literal shelves of a bookstore or the metaphorical ones of the internet, and you can find thousands of options to choose from, each with their ardent fans and supposedly decisive rationales. But which diet really works best, and, most importantly, given that 95% of people who lose weight on one gain it back, is a plan that an average human can stick with for the long haul?........Read more

New study proves Hawking was right, black holes only get bigger

In a study published on Monday, scientists from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and Cornell University their findings from a research project which analyzed ripples in spacetime created by two black holes that spiraled inward and eventually merged into one bigger black hole. The ripples studied were the first gravitational waves ever identified, detected by the Advanced Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory in 2015. Splitting the gravitational wave data into time segments before and after the black holes merged, the researchers calculated the surface areas of the black holes in both periods. The physicists found that the surface area of the new black hole was actually greater than the two initial black holes combined. The finding confirms a prediction made by famed scientist, Stephen Hawking, in the 1970s, in which he stated that black holes cannot decrease in surface area as it mirrored a rule in physics, that entropy or disorder can’t decrease over time.........Read more

Air conditioning unnecessary in majority of global heatwave conditions

Based on study carried out at the University of Sydney's Thermal Ergonomics Laboratory, the researchers developed a model to determine the humidity-dependent temperature thresholds at which fans could become detrimental, providing conditions that exacerbate heat stress. "The effectiveness of a fan depends on temperature and and our previous human studies have shown that it is only when the air temperature is very high and humidity is extremely low that fans can be detrimental," said senior author Professor Ollie Jay, Professor of Heat and Health at the University of Sydney's Faculty of Medicine and Health and Charles Perkins Centre. "In this study we were able to model the impact of different conditions based on historic weather data. We have shown that for younger adults fan use could be recommended most of the time in most regions around the world, except for those living in extremely hot and arid areas.........Read more

Why do we see things that aren't there?

Our brains are pattern detectors. If you’ve seen one thing, it’ll tell you if you come across similar things. Psychologists call this apophenia, we see connections between unrelated things. These connections are not wrong, but they’re not particularly meaningful. That we see these connections, therefore, tells us more about the brain than about the things that our brain connects.........Read more

8 books that should be on every reading list in 2021

Published by HarperCollins India, Sreedhar Bevara’s second book is an exceptional tale of leadership. It throws light on how true leaders rise from nowhere and produce extraordinary results when challenged by circumstances. It is set in the Mau Forest of east Africa, and tells a tale of a herd of lambs that stops the carnage by lion king Kaizaar. It is a real dive into the principle of ‘born leaders vs made leaders’. By the time you finish reading it, you’ll be surprised that this story applies to all settings in life. It has received praise from The Times of India, Outlook India, Mark Victor Hansen and Deepak Chopra, MD. Bevara is an alum of Indian Institute of Management-Ahmedabad, a senior corporate executive and author of leadership bestseller Moment of Signal. He is a contributor to Forbes, leadership expert and motivational speaker at elite organisations including IIMs, IITs and American universities. He has been well-covered in the media for his leadership contributions.........Read more

Scientists find largest cache of mystery fast radio bursts from space

Using a large stationary radio telescope in British Columbia, scientists have detected the largest cache of fast radio bursts discovered to date. The telescope, known as CHIME, for the Canadian Hydrogen Intensity Mapping Experiment, has detected 535 new fast radio bursts during its first year of operation between 2018 and 2019. The team announced its results during a virtual meeting of the American Astronomical Society on 9 June.........Read more

Instagram is dead. Reels killed it

Instagram cannot be absolved of perpetuating a toxic culture among young people by constantly showcasing a picture-perfect life. But you have to credit it as the social media website that gave a huge platform to budding artists, under-confident writers, micro fashionistas, and small businesses. It has also managed to stay free of boomer infestation for the longest period of time, unlike , which is currently under old people and birthday post occupation. But Reels — Instagram’s version of TikTok — has completely killed its vibe. From an artistic platform, Instagram has become the den of below-average mediocre content creators who dance to pathetic songs and shove them in our faces — on repeat. And we are hooked on that algorithm. Unlike IGTV, Instagram’s failed bid to compete with YouTube, Reels took off to great hype and now dominates the content on its platform. You just stare for hours and keep scrolling mindlessly.........Read more

Millions of tons of plastic are trashed every year. But what if we used it to pave our roads?

The impetus for many similar road projects underway in Ghana was an ambitious plan announced by President Akufo-Addo in 2018. It calls for Ghanaians to strive for a circular model, to recycle and reuse as much plastic waste as they produce each year — roughly 1.1 million tons — by 2030. Barely 5 percent of the 5,000 tons of plastic that Ghanaians discard each day makes it to recycling facilities. The rest winds up in landfills, illegal dumps, streets and waterways, or is burned in open pits, poisoning the air. In a developing nation, “it’s difficult to recycle plastic,” noted Heather Troutman, program manager of the  . “It’s expensive, complicated, technical, and much easier just to burn it. But if you could put value on recycled plastic,” by turning it into fishing nets, fuel or paving material, “it won’t get buried; it won’t get burned; it won’t make it to the ocean.”........Read more

Culture and symbols: Why India needs the Central Vista Redevelopment Project

In 2019, the government mooted the idea of expanding the Central Vista to make way for an integrated administrative complex, where most of the ministries, now housed in shabby buildings that have gone past their expiry dates, and a new Parliament building, can be accommodated. In 2019, the world didn't know of the Coronavirus from Wuhan. Who knew that in a span of a few months, it would spread from a province in China to the whole world!........Read more

Milk, Leading Cause Of Diabetes

It’s hard to believe that milk, which enjoys an almost sacred status in Indian culture, can be harmful for us. The reason is that it’s not the food that Nature intended for us. Milk is the food that every mammal produces for its infant and each animal produces the perfect formula for her species. But animal milk is not suitable for human beings at all! If you put petrol in a car that runs on diesel you will have problems even if petrol is perfectly good fuel. Did you know that dairy milk is one of the leading causes of diabetes? Thanks to refrigeration, Indians consume some form of dairy with almost every meal these days. And India has the second largest number of diabetics in the world! There is a connection.........Read more

How to think clearly

I want to help people work out what they really think and mean, and then to share the results with other people. This is surprisingly hard. It’s easy to talk about what you want and like. But it can be really difficult to work out why you want or like particular things – and why other people should pay attention. I’m going to set out a three-part process that can help with this.........Read more

Will humans ever learn to speak whale?

What do those clicking sounds mean? Sperm whales are among the loudest living animals on the planet, producing creaking, knocking and staccato clicking sounds to communicate with other whales that are a few feet to even a few hundred miles away.  This symphony of patterned clicks, known as codas, might be sophisticated enough to qualify as a full-fledged language. But will humans ever understand what these cetaceans are saying? The answer is maybe, but first researchers have to collect and analyze an unprecedented number of sperm whale communications, researchers told Live Science.........Read more

The world's forgotten greenhouse gas

But much of these emissions are not from carbon dioxide, that familiar climate change villain. They're from another gas altogether: nitrous oxide (N2O). Also known as laughing gas, N2O does not get nearly the attention it deserves, says David Kanter, a nutrient pollution researcher at New York University and vice-chair of the International Nitrogen Initiative, an organisation focused on nitrogen pollution research and policy making. "It's a forgotten greenhouse gas," he says.........Read more

The powerful new use for cocoa

If you've indulged in a chocolate dessert lately, there is a good chance that its cocoa came from Ivory Coast. This West African country is the largest producer of cocoa in the world, where . With more than six million people working in cocoa in the country, . The country's cocoa beans have been fuelling people worldwide for decades, but now another part of the cocoa plant will soon be powering Ivory Coast. The coveted cocoa bean is just one small part of the cocoa plant. While the beans are exported to be made into chocolate bars, confectionary and drinks, the bean shells, pod husks and (a pale yellowish liquid that drains away during fermentation) are usually thrown away. Worldwide, .........Read more

The Mystery at the Heart of Physics That Only Math Can Solve

Over the past century, quantum field theory has proved to be the single most sweeping and successful physical theory ever invented. It is an umbrella term that encompasses many specific quantum field theories — the way “shape” covers specific examples like the square and the circle. The most prominent of these theories is known as the Standard Model, and it is this framework of physics that has been so successful. “It can explain at a fundamental level literally every single experiment that we’ve ever done,” said , a physicist at the University of Cambridge. But quantum field theory, or QFT, is indisputably incomplete. Neither physicists nor mathematicians know exactly what makes a quantum field theory a quantum field theory. They have glimpses of the full picture, but they can’t yet make it out.........Read more

How processed foods became so unhealthy

Our ancestors fermented (essential for alcohols and dairy products), milled and baked (breads and pasta), and worked out how to preserve meat by salting or brining. The early history of food processing was both useful and tasty. Food processing was essential to the expansion of human civilisation. How did it become synonymous with high-fat, high-sugar, high-salt diets? And do the processed foods we eat today bear any resemblance to their original forms?........Read more

Researchers Are Getting Closer to Making Medical Robots That Can Swim In Your Bloodstream

But some scientists are taking that concept to the extreme, with the end goal of bringing technology to a whole new frontier: the inside of our bodies. While pacemakers, artery stents and more are commonplace, medical researchers have long dreamt of creating devices so small they could swim in our bloodstreams, opening up brand new possibilities for healing and diagnosis. Such robots would be less than a millimeter in size, and often substantially smaller. The field of nanorobotics, for example, features creations on the order of billionths of a meter.........Read more

This map shows the top-selling car model in every country

A few interesting trends instantly jump out at you. It might come as no surprise that for much of Southeast Asia (excluding India and China), Toyota is the car company of choice, or that Ford comes out on top in the US and Canada. Surprisingly, Chevrolet only dominates in a few countries, including Ecuador, Brazil, Chile, and Egypt. It’s also interesting to note the countries where less widely-known car manufacturers dominate the market. China and India specifically seem to prefer more local companies; Wuling and Maruti respectively are the most popular car manufacturers in those countries but do not appear anywhere else on the map.........Read more

The world’s 5 most beautiful alphabets you’ll never learn to read

Since the birth of the Phoenician alphabet in the eighth century, countless writing systems from different languages and cultures have evolved, thrived, and perished. Egyptian hieroglyphics are a classic example. To this day, we have yet to fully decipher the beautiful ancient alphabet. Over the last 2,500 years, the Latin alphabet has become so ubiquitous that it’s swept away many of the writing systems used before the Roman Empire reshaped the globe. Yet, while the exact number is difficult to calculate, hundreds of alphabets exist today. Some even double as works of art. Below are five of the most aesthetically pleasing scripts in the world — and the reasons why you’re probably never going to read them.........Read more

10 mid-century modern cities around the world

Ever since Mad Men went on air in 2007, mid-century modern has been back in a big way, influencing everything from fashion to interior design. But the perennially popular lines modernism is known for have never really gone away – they've ebbed and flowed on- and off-trend in the eighties, nineties, and early aughts. Even now, five years after we last said farewell to Don Draper, it seems like mid-century modern isn't going anywhere. The sleek, streamlined vibe is still influencing the , the  and we love, not to mention all the the architectural marvels on our road trip itineraries from the to the . ........Read more

Art of Many Cultures

Throughout history, man has been developing art as a part of individual cultures. Modern modes of travel and technology are bringing the world into a global society. Isolation is no longer necessary as diverse cultures begin to interact on a global stage. The art produced by these cultures is now shared with artists all over the world. This is creating a fusion of artistic expression in many centers of learning and the works of individual artists. There is now an opportunity for artists separated by thousands of miles to work together on creating new art forms.........Read more

These 4 superfoods are scientifically proven to boost your health

Pour on the honey and pass the tumeric! There are foods, and then there are superfoods. These snacks have properties that give the body a natural boost. On Monday, researchers presented new findings at a all about nutrition. Their research reveals the hidden strengths of four foods you may want to eat more often. ........Read more

Lifespans of animals

It has been well known for a long time that larger species tend, on average, to live longer. However there are also some anomalies—often birds, fish or tortoises. Let’s have a look at some data.........Read more

How hackers have manipulated Twitter’s trending algorithm for years

A new study has discovered a vulnerability in Twitter’s trending algorithm that makes the platform  to astroturfing attacks. Researchers from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne (EPFL) found that the social network doesn’t consider whether a tweet has been deleted when determining which keywords should trend. As a result, attackers can artificially push topics up the list of Twitter trends and then remove evidence of the manipulation. Secure your spot today at super early bird prices! ”........Read more

How to get people from Earth to Mars and safely back again

There are many things humanity must overcome before any return journey to Mars is launched. The two major players are NASA and SpaceX, which work together intimately on missions to the International Space Station but have competing ideas of what a crewed Mars mission would look like. The biggest challenge (or constraint) is the mass of the payload (spacecraft, people, fuel, supplies etc) needed to make the journey. Secure your spot today at super early bird prices! We still talk about launching something into space being like launching its weight in gold. The payload mass is usually just a small percentage of the total mass of the launch vehicle.........Read more

Where did the microchip vaccine conspiracy theory come from anyway?

Microchips? In the vaccine? I looked around to see if I could make eye contact with any neighbors. Did anyone else hear that? I thought. But no one else was shaking their head at their radio. Hopefully, the millions who tune in to this nationally syndicated show knew he was just joking. Right? But after the fourth time Charlamagne repeated his wild claim that the government is putting microchips in the COVID-19 vaccine, I couldn’t help but wonder: is this going to be a problem?........Read more

Get a Certificate From ISRO With This Free Online 5-Day Course

Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO)’s free online course called Machine Learning to Deep Learning will benefit professionals engaged in remote sensing data processing in different applications. A journey for remote sensing data classification’. 5 July 2021 (4.00 pm to 5.30 pm) – and its sensors of various resolutions. Radiometry and Geometric corrections and basic understanding of image 6 July 2021 (4.00 pm to 5.30 pm) – Basic classifier to Machine Learning – A Journey Supervised, Unsupervised and Reinforcement 8 July 2021 ((4.00 pm to 5.30 pm) – Fuzzy based machine learning with application in temporal data processing 9 July 2021 (16.00Hrs-17.30Hrs) – Network based learning algorithms – ANN to CNN/RNN........Read more

The Cold War race to the centre of the Earth

Places around the world that exist at the extreme end of the spectrum. During the Cold War, the US and Soviets both created ambitious projects to drill deeper than ever before. On a remote peninsular in the Arctic circle, something strange is happening under the ground. Until the late 80s, the Soviets brought 1007 radioisotope generators to the Northern and Far Eastern coasts. A large crater in Siberia's permafrost gives intriguing insights into the past. The historic German city that has a history from outer space. It’s 10 years since Japan was hit by a giant 9.0-magnitude earthquake, triggering a massive tsunami. The surprising repository of ancient ice at the heart of the study of climate change. Mount Etna looms large over daily life in Sicily.........Read more

How soon do we become unfit when we stop exercising?

Getting in shape isn't easy. But after all that hard work, how long do we actually maintain it? It turns out that even after the great effort we put into training, taking a bit of time off can mean that we become "unfit" much faster than it took us to actually get in shape. To understand how the body becomes "unfit", we first need to understand how we become fit. The key to becoming fitter – whether that's improving cardiovascular fitness or muscular strength – is to exceed " ". This means doing more than our body is used to. The stress that this has on our body makes us adapt and become more tolerant, leading to higher fitness levels.........Read more

Why COVID-19 patients have low oxygen levels; new infection mechanism holds answers

Of all complications that plague COVID-19 patients, decreased levels of oxygen is among the worst. Known as hypoxia, it is characterized by low oxygenation in the body's tissues, which makes the need for its constant monitoring paramount. Now, a new study has discovered an infection mechanism of the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus that can explain the fall in oxygen levels among sufferers of the disease. According to scientists from the University of Alberta, the SARS-CoV-2 virus infects immature red blood cells (CD71+ erythroid precursors/progenitors, or CECs), thereby, reducing oxygen in the blood and impeding immune responses. The study also found why dexamethasone—an anti-inflammatory drug—has been effective in treating individuals struggling with the viral infection.........Read more

How to digitally share information of your financial assets, investments securely

Along with making investments in financial assets, it’s also necessary to ensure that the benefits of investments are availed when necessary. With around Rs 83,000 core of investors’ money lying idle with various financial institutions, it’s become absolutely necessary for you to maintain a list of all your financial investments. The list would not only help you in keeping the investments active and get the benefits on maturity or at the time of financial needs, but it’s also necessary to share the list with other beneficiaries – like the nominee, appointee, assignee, etc – so that they may get the financial help at the time of crisis in your absence.........Read more

Moglix: How Rahul Garg Built An Unexpected Unicorn | Forbes India

Moglix, helps over 500,000 small, and medium-sized businesses and some 3,000 manufacturing plants across India, Singapore, the UK, and the UAE in their procurement for industrial goods. In addition, the company also offers an end-to-end procurement solution including resource planning and financing, while also helping with the maintenance, repair, and operations supplies. Among others, the company counts Hero MotoCorp, Vedanta, Tata Steel, Unilever, and Air India, and NTPC as its customers.........Read more

Lab-grown Diamonds: The Planet Conscious Millennial's Best Friend?

Surat-based Limbasiya, one of the pioneers in the use of Chemical Vapour Deposition (CVD) technology in India, has been instrumental in shaping the lab-grown diamonds industry in the country. With huge production volumes, he proved to the world that India need not just limit itself to cutting and polishing diamonds, but can also become one of the largest producers of diamonds, that too those of the finest quality. Sheth was blown away by the technology being used to grow diamonds using the CVD technique. The reactors for it had been developed indigenously and made completely by Limbasiya and his team. Besides understanding the entire process, she felt she wanted to bring this story to the consumer because she saw a big opportunity in finding a market for diamonds made in labs in India. Sheth launched her lab-grown diamond-studded jewellery brand Limelight in 2018.........Read more

Inside The World's Largest Cricket Museum In Pune Built By A Former Under-19 Cricketer

In 2008-09, Rohan Pate attended a sports memorabilia auction in his hometown Pune, hoping to win two autographed bats belonging to cricket legend Sachin Tendulkar. But his hopes were dashed as the willows went for Rs 6 lakh and Rs 11 lakh respectively—astronomical sums compared to his budget of Rs 2 lakh. “That hurt me,” recalls Pate, a former under-19 cricketer from Maharashtra-turned-realtor.........Read more

Intermittent fasting is a fad with benefits but science behind it demands more answers

Intermittent fasting is currently one of the world’s most popular diet trends promoting quick weight loss. This pattern involves a cycle of eating followed by a cycle of fasting. The popularity of intermittent fasting might be because of the fact that your diet doesn’t fundamentally change ‘what’ you eat but ‘when’ you eat. In addition, there are six types of fasting one can pick from.........Read more

This is how long it takes for Covid vaccines to start working

mid Victoria’s worrying COVID outbreak, perhaps the point of greatest concern is the fact the virus has again found its way into aged care. On Sunday, the state government announced an aged-care worker had tested positive for COVID-19, despite having received on May 12. We’ve since found out another staff member, who worked alongside the original staff member at Arcare Maidstone, has returned a positive result, along with . The resident had received a first dose of the Pfizer vaccine and reportedly has only mild symptoms, but is being monitored in hospital. The original worker’s son has also tested positive. The cases in the first staff member and the resident, both of whom had received a first vaccine dose, highlight the fact you need both doses for maximum benefit. ........Read more

The Indian revolutionary who went to jail, taught at Columbia and was accused of being a ladies’ man

In 1906, when Taraknath Das first arrived in the United States, he didn’t quite fit the profile of a stereotypical “Hindu immigrant”. Most migrants from India were in search of better opportunities. They came from the Punjab, were soldiers and farmers, or in rare cases, students and preachers. Das was none of those – he was a rebel on the run from the British police. Das had been drawn to Anushilan Samiti, an organisation that preached revolutionary violence against the British, soon after he left home, aged 19. He followed the Samiti first to Dhaka and then Mymensingh, before bolting to Brindavan disguised as a yogi, under the assumed name of Tarak Brahmachari. His campaign had put him squarely in the crosshairs of the British. So, to escape persecution, he sailed to Japan in 1905, and a year later, travelled as Jogendranath Das to Seattle, Washington.........Read more

Why developing nations are facing obstacles to tobacco harm reduction

Low and middle-income countries are heavily burdened with tobacco use, especially among low-income populations and marginalised groups. Migrants, women and sexual minorities experience the consequences of tobacco use disproportionately. Tobacco harm reduction ought to be explored in more meaningful ways in these populations for the potential it holds in alleviating their conditions. Reuters)........Read more

Punjab Startup's Device Can Tell How Safe Your Milk is in 40 Secs With 99% Accuracy

Punjab-based AgNext Technologies, an ag-tech startup has developed an NIR-spectroscopy, AI and machine-learning enabled device to help catch milk adulteration early. ow safe is the milk you drink? In a published by the Consumer Guidance Society of India (CGSI), 79% of branded or loosely packed milk in Maharashtra was adulterated. In other words, barely 21% of the samples tested by CGSI complied with the standards specified by the Food Safety and Standard Authority of India (FSSAI). The problem of milk adulteration is not confined to only one state. In states like Punjab, for example, there are of raids being conducted by the state against illegal factories making spurious milk and milk products.........Read more

Why astronauts are printing organs in space

Andrew Morgan has seen some of the worst things that can happen to the human body. As a battlefield doctor with the US Army, he's treated young soldiers whose bodies had been torn and broken in explosions. "I've seen the loss of limbs and some devastating injuries as the result of blasts," he says. Witnessing the slow healing and recovery process first-hand got Morgan thinking – what if new tissue or even entire organs could be simply printed off to replace injured body parts? "The ability to transplant tissues made from the injured person's own cells would be hugely beneficial," he says.  That's why Morgan conducted a series of unusual experiments over several months last year – in outer space. You see, Morgan is also a Nasa astronaut. In April 2020 he returned from a 272-day stay on the International Space Station (ISS). While he orbited 248 miles (400km) above the Earth's surface, Morgan created living tissue, cell by cell, using a 3D printer and something called bio-ink. ........Read more

How modern life is making men infertile

Big ideas reflecting our evolution and what makes us intrinsically human. A new study reveals how an alarming decline in sperm count and quality is threatening the human race. It's not just a laughing matter – laughter benefits our minds, our relationships and our bodies. Humans are growing taller around the world, but how tall could humans get in the future? Why the common understanding of Charles Darwin's 'Survival of the Fittest' is not accurate. Could lab-grown brains solve the mystery of consciousness? We explore the evolutionary purpose of noses. Our eyeballs have evolved from a tiny, light-sensitive patch to the complex organs we have today. The Neolithic brought larger populations, technological advancements, but also had negative consequences.........Read more

Giant diamonds, buried miles below Earth’s surface, could explain superdeep earthquakes, new study reveals

The study follows earlier hypotheses on superdeep earthquakes and explores whether water stored hundreds of kilometers below the Earth’s surface may be responsible for the phenomena. An earlier explanation, although partially discounted as scientists didn’t know why there would be water 300km below the Earth’s surface, suggested that fluid in the mantle may weaken rocks around it and cause earthquakes. Some earthquakes in the mantle transition zone are some of the strongest ever recorded. A team of researchers including Steven Shirey, a geochemist at the Carnegie Institution for Science, took a closer look at why water might be down there. They considered how water might permeate tectonic plates, infiltrating the slabs in a number of ways. Among these was that water may be locked in the minerals that formed as molten rock, or that wet sediment accumulated as slabs moved across the ocean floor, or that ocean water infiltrated the slabs as they bent and fractured.........Read more

Vegan vs Vegetarian - What's The Difference?

Vegetarian diets have reportedly been around since as early as 700 B.C. Several types exist and individuals may practice them for a variety of reasons, including health, ethics, environmentalism and religion. Vegan diets are a little more recent, but are getting a good amount of press. This article takes a look at the similarities and differences between these two diets. It also discusses how they affect your health and the environment. According to the , a vegetarian is someone who does not eat any meat, poultry, game, fish, shellfish or by-products of animal slaughter. Vegetarian diets contain various levels of fruits, vegetables, grains, pulses, nuts and seeds. The inclusion of dairy and eggs depends on the type of diet you follow. Those who do not eat meat or poultry but do consume fish are considered pescatarians, whereas part-time vegetarians are often referred to as flexitarians. ........Read more

A Man's Guide To Wearing Rings

The reality is that rings send a message. For thousands of years, men have worn them to signal status, wealth, commitment, and association. They can send the message that you’re not available, that you attended the Naval Academy (yes, I see your ring Annapolis man), that you’re part of a fraternal brotherhood, or that you’re from a culture not afraid to display wealth on the hands........Read more

From A Dusty Web Relic To Showstopper: How Anjali Sud Transformed Vimeo

Vimeo wasted its youth striving to be an oddball combo of Netflix and a commercial-free YouTube. After a hard refocus on business users, CEO Anjali Sud has transformed the near-forgotten brand into a $6 billion blockbuster........Read more

Three new caves discovered in the Trirashmi Buddhist cave complex of Nashik: Everything we know so far

Nearly two centuries ago, the Trirashmi Buddhist caves or the Pandav Leni in a Nashik hill had been documented by a British military officer. Now, three more caves in the same area have been found by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), according to a report in IE. It is believed that these caves could be dwellings of Buddhist monks, and while their antiquity has not yet been determined, the archaeologists are of the opinion that these caves date back to before the Trirashmi caves. The report added that the Pandav Leni or Trirashmi are a cluster of 25 caves and these date back to some time between the 2 century BC and 6 century AD, having been carved out of the Trirashmi Hill. Captain James Delamaine had documented the complex of the caves back in 1823, and the site is now protected by the ASI and it is a tourist destination.........Read more

China witnessing an increase in Red Tourism: What it is and how it is impacting the tourism industry in China

With the completion of 100 years of the Chinese Communist Party, China is witnessing an unprecedented increase in Red Tourism, in which all the places of historical and cultural significance to the party are visited, according to a report in IE. Among the places that are visited as part of the tour are Zhejiang’s Nanhu Lake where the party held its First National back in 1921 on a boat, and Shaoshan, which was the birthplace of Mao. These places have been witnessing a significant rise in tourists, so much so that Red Tourism has been playing a key role in giving a boost to the economy of China amid the pandemic.........Read more

Dexamethasone, remdesivir, plasma, doxycycline: Which works for Covid and which doesn't

Since  it modulates the immune response, dexamethasone helps in treating autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis. It is also used to treat other inflammatory conditions such as allergies, breathing disorders, skin conditions, among others. It was first produced in 1957 and has been in use since 1958. Since it modulates the immune response, tocilizumab helps in treating autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis. It was licenced in Japan in 2003, and has been in use since 2005. In some patients, these .m y are associated with better outcomes in the severe stage of the disease, only among patients who show coagulopathy (blood clotting) or elevated D-dimers. ........Read more

'Low sex drive, impotency, death'€what's keeping Raipur villagers away from Covid vaccine

 Sarpanches around Raipur are having a hard time dispelling fears that the Covid vaccine causes loss of sexual virility, “leading to impotence”. Many villagers have complained of waning libidos after taking the jab. Village administrations said that young men, particularly the unmarried, were staying away from vaccine camps. “Such social media rumours” have derailed vaccine work in these villages, sarpanches said. Khauna village sarpanch Hemant Thakur, 50, said, “We have vaccinated 10 per cent of the 5,000 eligible villagers here. But the men are all above 45. Those in the 18-44 category are afraid they will become sexually impotent.” Thakur’s argument that he was fine after taking both doses did not find takers. Deputy sarpanch of Dharsiwa village Sahil Khan said a relative had complained of ‘losing sexual vigour’ after taking the first shot. “This hearsay is keeping away young men,” he said.........Read more

China fires up 'artificial sun' at 120 MILLION DEGREES Celsius in quest for nuclear fusion

Chinese daily Global Times said that the so-called artificial sun as the Chinese nuclear fusion project is known also succeeded in maintaining plasma at 160 million degrees Celsius for 20 seconds. These times, while not very long in absolute terms, are records in the quest for nuclear fusion. The next step would be to maintain these temperatures for as long as a week, according to a physics professor from the Southern University of Science and Technology in Shenzhen. China’s nuclear fusion reactor first headlines in 2019 when Beijing said it would soon begin operations. The reactor—the HL-2M Tokamak—was first powered at the end of last year, and its first achievement was maintaining a temperature of 100 million degrees Celsius for 100 minutes.........Read more

Why 'quirky' people are attractive

The Romantic style of art from this period is filled with nude women, back to the observer, with tiny waists and wide hips. An "hourglass" figure was thought to be the height of beauty. Whether Ingres had intended to distort her proportions quite so much is debated – though no model could ever have posed like this. Maybe Ingres was exaggerating her slender back, narrow waist and wider hips to add a little more sexiness and slightly overdid it.........Read more

Animal embryos can hear from inside their wombs and shells

More than 50 years ago, researchers found that chickens start to learn the sounds of their mothers’ calls even before hatching. The findings, published in Science in , demonstrated that chicken embryos were somehow listening to the outside world, interpreting and storing that information.And it’s not just chicken embryos. A wide range of animal embryos pick up on external sounds and vibrations while inside eggs or the womb, according to a .........Read more

Lava tubes in Hawaii are helping astronauts prepare to live on Mars

Somewhere along Mauna Loa in Hawaiʻi, there is what looks like an oversized golf ball housing the HI-SEAS facility. The dome sports six small rooms, a bathroom, a kitchen, a research lab, and relaxation area. It’s surrounded by solar panels on the ground outside and is attached to a shipping container for storage. All of this fits in a neat 1,200 square feet, just over a quarter of the size of a regulation basketball court. And within this dome, groups of six people live and train together for weeks or even months at a time—disconnected from the world outside the dome, they’re preparing to one day live on the moon and Mars. From the volcanic surfaces of Hawaiʻi to the arid deserts of the Atacama, humans are finding clever ways to prepare for life beyond our blue dot. ........Read more

Do animals hug each other?

Who else is fond of a warm embrace? the warm, enveloping comfort of a hug. The taught us many things, some more important than others — but one of those is just how much many of us rely on these embraces for a sense of reassurance, consolation and calm.  We've become profoundly aware of the significance of this simple act in our human lives — but does hugging exist in the rest of the animal kingdom? Are there any other species that embrace in the way humans do? To answer that, first we have to define exactly what we mean by "hug." From a subjective human standpoint, of course, a hug happens when someone wraps their arms around someone else. Naturally, this restricts hugging to animals with arms — and those are mainly primates, like us. This quickly reveals that, while we might see hugs as a uniquely human trait, hugging is actually just as prominent in the lives of nonhuman primates.........Read more

Is Latin a dead language?

The Latin language used to be spoken all over the Roman Empire. But no country officially speaks it now, at least not in its classic form. So, did Latin really peter out when the Roman Empire ceased to exist?  Rome used to be , but gradually Rome's sway over its colonies dwindled until it completely lost control. Despite this, Latin continued to be the lingua franca throughout much of Europe hundreds of years after that happened. The answer to the question of when Latin, ancient Rome's language, died is a complicated one. There's no date in the annals of history to mark the end of Latin as a spoken language, and some would argue that's because it never really died. The Vatican may still deliver some masses in Latin, but virtually no one in Italy is using Latin on a day-to-day basis. Nevertheless, this doesn't equate to the death of Latin, said Tim Pulju, a senior lecturer in linguistics and classics at Dartmouth College in New Hampshire.........Read more

Will Chemical Recycling Solve Our Plastic Problems?

The most common way of recycling plastic is by chopping it into an avalanche of tiny flakes and then melting down and reforming them. The resulting plastic can be brittle and weak, and in many cases manufacturers simply prefer using new, or virgin, plastic. That requires them to use oil taken from the ground, even as society is attempting to move away from a reliance on fossil fuels. And many of those products — plastic grocery bags, soda bottles, ballpoint pens and millions more — get used and then thrown away, piling up in landfills or ending up in the ocean........Read more

How Do We Know When a Species Is Extinct?

The conservation status of each animal, plant and fungi species is compiled by the IUCN in what is called the "Red List." The organization sets criteria for how species are considered endangered and extinct, and the Red List is considered the authoritative inventory of the world’s biodiversity. Governments and organizations around the world rely on the Red List to direct conservation efforts. The organization’s Species Survival Commission, which periodically assesses every animal, now consists of more than 9,000 scientists in 162 countries.........Read more

Climate change causes one-third of heat-related deaths

Huge proportion of global heat-related deaths already attributed to rising temperatures. The climate crisis is not a future problem – it is already here and affecting our health. In the biggest study of its kind, a team of epidemiologists and climate scientists has determined that 37% of global heat-related deaths over the past 30 years can be attributed to human-induced climate change. an increase in mortality since the preindustrial period is evident on every single inhabited continent. This is another that as temperatures rise and heatwaves become more severe and frequent, climate change is directly affecting human health.........Read more

Before Wuhan row, how US-China created SARS-like virus in 2015 to show its pandemic potential

As the world once again debates the the origin of the coronavirus and whether lab leak from the Wuhan Institute of Virology led to the beginning of the Covid pandemic, experts are referring to a previous research, in which the US and China had collaborated to create a similar and dangerous virus which had the potential to cause a pandemic. The institute is in the same city in China where the first case of Covid-19 was recorded. Back in 2015, scientists from the University of North Carolina (UNC) in the US and the Wuhan Institute of Virology had together created a modified coronavirus that was shown to be able to latch on to human cells and replicate in lung cells, efficiently enough to cause a pandemic. The published in the journal Nature is an example of a ‘gain of function’ research that the two groups had been involved in for several years.........Read more

NHAI Toll Rules - Toll Operators To Ensure Minimum Vehicle Wait Time

According to the new rules, toll operators only get a 10 second service window for each vehicle. The National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) has come up with new toll rules with the aim to reduce waiting time at toll plazas across the nation. According to the new guidelines, which were issued recently, toll operators have to ensure that the service time for a vehicle at the booth does not exceed 10 seconds. This rule is applicable even during peak hours. Further, toll operators have also been instructed to not allow vehicles to queue up. If the queue of waiting vehicles crosses 100 metres, all of the vehicles within 100 metres from the toll booth will be allowed to pass without paying the toll fee.........Read more

Meet 'NawaRacer' The World's First Hybrid Electric Motorcycle

Nawa Technologies has revealed that it will be unveiling a zero-emission motorcycle in the coming months and it will be the road-going version of the NawaRacer concept displayed at the 2020 CES (Consumer Electronics Show). It is being developed in association with YSY Group, Pronergy, FAAR and AKKA Technologies. The NawaRacer is not a stereotypical electric motorcycle by any means and it comes with a host of bold claims from the company that turn heads. For any concept to garner attention, the styling philosophy holds plenty of significance to make a mark upon the first sight. The NawaRacer does spell radicality with a futuristic appeal.........Read more

The Need To Recycling Critical Metals in E-waste

End-of-life circuit boards, certain magnets in disc drives and electric vehicles, EV and other special battery types, and fluorescent lamps are among several electrical and electronic products containing critical raw materials (CRMs), the recycling of which should be made mandatory by law, says a new UN-backed report funded by the EU. A mandatory, legal requirement to recycle and reuse CRMs in select e-waste categories is needed to safeguard from supply disruptions elements essential to manufacturers of important electrical and electronic and other products, says a European consortium behind the report, led by the Switzerland-based World Resources Forum.........Read more

Why Do We Get Affected With Other Critical Diseases After Getting Covid?

Covid-19 infection is caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus with a broad spectrum of manifestations. Researchers are intensely studying and collecting scientific and clinical evidence related to the subacute and long-term effects of the evolving Covid-19 infection, which can affect multiple organ systems. When an infected person expels virus-laden droplets and someone else inhales them, the novel coronavirus, called SARS-CoV-2, enters the nose and throat. The lining cells of the nose are rich in a cell-surface receptor called angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2). Throughout the body, the presence of ACE2, which normally helps regulate blood pressure, marks tissues vulnerable to infection, because the virus requires this receptor to enter a cell.........Read more

Russians infected with crossover flu virus suggests possibility of another pandemic

Two virus researchers in China are recommending security measures after seven Russian farm workers became infected with a crossover flu virus last year. In their Perspectives piece published in the journal Science, Weifeng Shi and George Gao, both of whom are affiliated with multiple institutions in China, suggest that the makeup and history of the H5N8 strain of avian influenza virus threaten the possibility of another pandemic.........Read more

Gene plays major role in brain development

The offspring were all purple. He therefore called this trait dominant, while the white blossom color was recessive. The reason for this phenomenon: In peas, each gene occurs twice. One version comes from the maternal plant and the other from the paternal plant. If a pea has inherited the gene for purple flower color from one parent, but the gene for white flower color from the other, purple wins. Only when two for white flowers come together in the offspring plant is it white.........Read more

10 Upcoming Cars To Launch In India By Diwali 2021

Currently, different states of India are observing varying degrees of lockdown, due to which many new car launches have been delayed. However, things seem to be improving now, slowly but steadily, and automakers are now readying their upcoming vehicles for launch. Here, we have listed ten vehicles that are expected to launch in the Indian market soon, likely before Diwali this year. Maruti Suzuki has been working on the new-generation model of the Celerio for quite a while now. The upcoming vehicle has been spied multiple times during road tests, and is expected to launch in our market in the coming months. The next-gen Celerio is expected to carry forward the same 1.0-litre petrol engine (68 PS and 90 Nm) as the current model, and a 1.2L petrol engine (83 PS and 113 Nm) option might be offered as well.........Read more

Why Pay Rs 100/litre For Petrol? These 4 Startups Can Help Your Vehicle Go Electric

With rising cost of petrol, these Indian startups offer the option of going partially or fully electric, thus ensuring long term savings on fuel costs. rices of petrol and diesel show no signs of abating as they hit the in certain parts of the country. In major cities like Mumbai and Delhi, prices have breached the Rs 80 per litre mark. Besides all the chatter on social media platforms, political parties have also begun taking shots at each other for the price rise. Some have rightly spoken on the exorbitant excise duty imposed by the Central government, while others have observed how India’s dependence on crude oil imports, which stands at over 80 per cent, has added to the problem.........Read more

TN Fisherman Vlogger's Brilliant Videos Show Unseen Side of Fishing to 4 Lakh Followers

Shakhti Vel, a fisherman from Tamil Nadu, runs a YouTube channel called Thoothukudi Meenavan to vlog about the lives and struggles of his community. atching fish using the precision of arrows, walking on sea beds with aluminium plates as shoes, and diving 150 ft underwater with no oxygen cylinders – these are just some of the traditional fishing techniques that fisherfolk of Tamil Nadu’s Thoothukudi, the Pearl City of India, follow. “I have been with my father for the last 25 years, since I was a child. He would take me on his boat late in the evening and we would spend up to 6 hours in the water catching fish. We would return before sunrise, put our catch into baskets and send it in lorries to be sold,” recalls Shakthi Vel, a 29-year-old fisherman from the area. He adds that traditional fishing practices have seen a tremendous change over the decades, and so has their livelihood.........Read more

Not just Covid-19, air pollution can also cause loss of smell

Loss of smell is one of the common symptoms of Covid-19 and it is often accompanied by loss of taste. In fact, this could be one of the earliest signs of the deadly viral disease. According to a study published in the Journal of Internal Medicine earlier this year, about 86 per cent of COVID-19 patients experience partial or complete loss of the sense of smell. Majority of those (almost 55 percent) who had complete loss of smell, called anosmia, had a mild form of the disease, and the symptom lasted up to 22 days. But it is not just Covid-19 infection that can rob your ability to smell and taste. Long-term exposure to air pollution can cause similar olfactory disturbances, said researchers from the Johns Hopkins University in the US. Also Read - ........Read more

Strengthening A Nutrition Sensitive Approach In Agriculture In India | Outlook Poshan

The urban and rural population in India still faces nutrition linked health concerns due to a non-balanced diet. Let's take a look at how various public-private initiatives has helped in meeting the nutritional challenges.M.S. Swaminathan Research Foundation (MSSRF) runs the ‘Annadata Nuritional Garden Model’ in Kundra Block of tribal dominated Koratpur District, Odisha State. This district is one of the sixty-nine districts identified as being disadvantaged in terms of poverty, hunger, infant mortality, immunization, literacy, school enrollment and gender disparity. Once covered with dense forests, this mineral rich district has been facing rapid deforestation as also the wrath of climate change, deeply impacting the tribal farmers’ traditional agricultural methods. Declining crop yield in paddy, that requires a lot of water for cultivation, is also an offshoot of these evolving critical phenomenon in this rainfed district.........Read more

India Scored A Self-Goal With Its E-Cigarette Ban

Celebrated by many in the tobacco control field, India with much ado banned the sale of e-cigarettes two years ago. The decision was taken to protect the country’s youth following news from the US about alarming rise in teen use, with the final straw being the spate of deaths there due to e-cigarettes. Since then, as evidence keeps mounting for the relative safety of e-cigarettes compared to combustible cigarettes, which they are replacing, the reasons provided for the ban appear to be on shaky ground, putting India in a shrinking outlier group of prohibition countries, while over 100 have opted for the regulatory route, which includes the entire developed world, and a host of developing nations from Asia, Latin America to Africa.........Read more

The foods that reverse climate change

Overseeing the cow’s welfare is Mette Nielsen, a professor in animal sciences at Aarhus University, who explains the purpose of Daisy’s confinement. Inside the box, every burp, belch and gaseous emission can be measured. Cows’ burps are rich in methane, a greenhouse gas, and only by recording them in this way can we start to unravel how to mitigate the damage livestock farming can do to the climate. . They’re not the biggest contributors, that title goes to rice, but researchers are keen to clean up their act. It is part of a new wave of farming methods and high-tech solutions aimed at turning farming from being a climate change problem to a part of the solution. Agriculture as a whole, and the deforestation that sometimes accompanies it, contributes nearly . Farming also accounts for .........Read more

Can redesigning aeroplanes save the planet?

Discover the breakthrough technology and scientific advances reinventing the way we travel. Discover some radical solutions that could make air travel more sustainable and environmentally friendly. With an industry valued up to $3 trillion, the lucrative flying car race is tighter than ever. Travelling by floating pods shot through tubes at the speed of an aeroplane may be closer than you think.........Read more

Did you know curiosity comes in different forms? P.S.: One of them can help you deal with anxiety 

Back in 2006, psychologists Jordan Litman and Paul Silvia identified two main “flavors” of curiosity, which they dubbed D-curiosity and I-curiosity.  The D in D-curiosity stands for deprivation, the idea that if we have a gap in information, we go into a restless, unpleasant, need-to-know state, while the I in I-curiosity stands for interest, the pleasurable aspects of the hunger for knowledge. In other words, curiosity — our drive for information — can induce a state that is either aversive or pleasant.........Read more

If you could charge in 5 minutes, would you drive electric? Here’s what you should know

Earlier this year, lithium-ion battery company StoreDot announced it can mass-produce electric vehicle batteries that can be fully charged in just five minutes — the same amount of time it takes to fill up a traditional gas tank with fossil fuel. Could this fast-charging battery be the game changer needed to transition to a cleaner transportation industry? ........Read more

9 Simple Secrets of People Whose Homes are Always Clean

What unites people with clean homes is a steadfast commitment to minimalistic living. This means that they are very careful about what they buy and about the items that enter their homes. Our homes are doubling as spaces for both work and play. We’re cooking and eating more meals at home, and spending so much time indoors that we’re having to clean a lot more. And let’s face it, cleaning is hard, boring work that often has to be done every day. How then do you enjoy a neat, clean space without being overwhelmed by exhaustion and clutter? The secret is to build habits that, over time, become part of your daily routine, making cleaning an easy, stress-free experience.........Read more

Born 112 Years Ago, 5 Ways The Indian Institute of Science is Saving Lives Even Today

The Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Bengaluru was established on 27 May 1909 by Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata. In 112 years the institute has conducted cutting-edge research in various scientific fields and provided innovative solutions. he Indian Institute of Science (IISc) story is intimately linked with the evolution of research, higher education, science, and technology in India. From establishing sandalwood oil and soap factories to training military personnel, manufacturing goods, repairing warplanes, and finding solutions for Covid-related ailments – the organisation has maintained a reputation for cutting-edge research and development for a solid 112 years now. And its birth is just as formidable as its research. The venerable institution was set up by none other than legendary industrialist and founder of the Tata group – Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata.........Read more

3 best sites to buy real YouTube subscribers — active and legit

Buying YouTube Subscribers can bump up your YouTube channel to the next level if you are associated with the best service providers. Wondering why you need to ? Wouldn’t’ rich content, quality videos, alt tags, apt keywords earn you subscribers? Indeed they do! But, it’s a time-consuming process and you might end up losing your valuable subscribers. With companies like, and, be assured of increasing your subscribers and followers in no time. offers real and legit YouTube subscribers that would just not add to your numbers but will also increase the engagement rate. The company offers tailor-made packages that are pocket-friendly too — regardless of 500, 1,000, 2,000, 5,000, 8,000, or 10,000 YouTube subscribers that you are seeking to gain.........Read more

Are UFOs for real? Why everyone is talking about them much more seriously now

In 2007, United States senator Harry Reid expressed his curiosity into multiple UFO reports coming from the armed forces. The Pentagon subsequently investigated these, and set up the Unidentified Aerial Phenomena Task Force (UAPTF). The is now due to release its report in June 2021, and this has prompted a flurry of media coverage and public discourse about UFOs. ​The discourse has been further accelerated since the of a comprehensive history of sightings, investigations, perceptions, and insider comments by The New Yorker, written by writer Gideon Lewis-Kraus. ​While the interest in the upcoming report has prompted comments from even high ranking US government officials, experts have pointed out that unidentified flying objects (UFOs) don’t necessarily mean alien flying objects. Psaki says potential release of upcoming U.S. intelligence report on UFOs will be up to the Office of the Director of National Intelligence........Read more

Indian Startups Turning Unicorns 2X Faster Than A Decade Ago

Not even four months into 2021, India has already seen nine new unicorns — Digit Insurance, Innovaccer, Infra.Market, Meesho, CRED, Pharmeasy, Groww, Sharechat and Gupshup Startups founded a decade ago are only now entering the unicorn club, but those founded after 2015 have got there in half the time A huge spike in mega rounds is producing unicorns at a fast clip in India; seven out of the nine startups that turned unicorn in 2021 were founded between 2015 and 2018 Not even four months into 2021 and India has already seen nine startups entering the unicorn club. While between January and March, three new startups had achieved $1 Bn+ valuation, the first nine days of April has seen six other startups joining the list. And it’s not just about the sheer number of new unicorns, but where they are coming from.........Read more

Updated Tyre Norms in India for Better Safety and Efficiency, MoRTH Issues Notification

The Ministry Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH) has been laying increased emphasis on improving road safety in the country. Off late, the ministry has come up with a slew of initiatives with several standard safety provisions for vehicles plying on the road. In one such initiative to make our roads safer and reduce the number of accidents, the ministry has proposed new mandatory norms for tyre manufacturers. The new proposed norms will, in a way, translate into a rating system for tyres and will help customers make better decision. These will be in line with international rating systems that are followed in markets across Europe and the Middle East. The report further cited that according to the proposed notification, new tyre norms will be applicable from October this year. However, all existing tyre models will have to meet the stricter performance norms by October 2022.........Read more

Get Your Heart Pumping With Aerobic Exercises

With people being contained to their homes this year as well, one may consider stepping up your workout routine. Aerobic exercises are not only beneficial to build strong bones, improve muscle strength, endurance and flexibility, but also to reduce the risk of heart disease, hypertension, stroke, diabetes and some cancers. The benefits go beyond physical with research suggesting that it may improve your thinking and memory in just six months. “Walking, running, bicycling, swimming and cross country are a few popular aerobic activities. To get the most out of your aerobic exercise, flexibility and strength training exercise should be worked into your fitness routine," says orthopaedic sports surgeon Vonda Wright, MD, FAAOS.........Read more

6 feet distance not enough? New govt advisory warns virus can contract people upto 10 metres

Amidst the rising Coronavirus spread in the country, the central government in an advisory has said that the disease can be transported through air as well as in the form of aerosols and contract people who are upto 10 metres away. The advisory has incorporated the growing evidence in different parts of the world that the virus can spread through air and in particular through air in enclosed spaces, the Indian Express reported.........Read more

Clubhouse Android app launched in India: How to get started with the invite-only audio chat app, other details

The trend-setter audio-chat platform Clubhouse is finally available for Android users in India starting today, that is, Friday May 21, 2021. Just like the company mentioned earlier this week, the app is now available for users to download across countries and in India, as per the tweet by the company. Until now, the drop-in audio chat platform was only available on iOS for iPhone users and has created a lot of buzz. The Clubhouse app is unlike any other app that users can just download from Play Store and use it. Just like how iPhone users need an invite to be able to use the audio app, similarly, users on Android will also need an invite. This means that users cannot simply go to Google Play Store, download the app and start using it but they need the invitation.........Read more

For first time since 2017, Twitter re-opens verification for its best-behaved users

The social media giant announced the news on Thursday, stating over a series of tweets that verification would be immediately opened to the public, via a button on its app. Users who prove their identity, and whose accounts are deemed “authentic,”“notable” and “active” will be able to add the iconic blue checkmark to their profile. Accounts eligible include those connected with governments, brands or companies, media, entertainment, sports and gaming, and “activists, organizers, & other influential individuals.” Scientists, academics and religious leaders will be added later this year. Accounts previously suspended for “harmful activity” or “hateful content” need not apply, Twitter noted.........Read more

What it will take to stop global warming by 2035

World leaders breathed a sigh of relief in February when the United States officially rejoined the Paris Agreement, making good on President Biden’s Inauguration Day commitment to the 2015 global climate accord aimed at limiting global warming to less than 2°C. Relief transformed into astonishment only two months later, when he made an Earth Day pledge to halve America’s greenhouse gas emissions by 2030, as Canada and other nations scrambled to follow suit.........Read more

Ten visionary ideas for the future

What comes to mind when you imagine the future of architecture? Towering glass skyscrapers in wacky shapes? Floating cities of clustered buildings overflowing with greenery? How about a recycled brick? Or a diagram explaining how an AI system works? You might be surprised to find these two in , a new book by curator and editor Beatrice Galilee, that showcases 79 projects by architects, artists, film-makers, game designers, researchers and many others. These projects point to a "possible direction for the future of architecture", explains Galilee via video call. She describes the book as a "lighthouse", a signal of hope amidst the darkness of the climate crisis and social inequalities felt across the planet.........Read more

Has Google finally fixed online shopping?

An award-winning team of journalists, designers, and videographers who tell brand stories through Fast Company's distinctive lens The future of innovation and technology in government for the greater good Our annual guide to the businesses that matter the most Leaders who are shaping the future of business in creative ways New workplaces, new food sources, new medicine--even an entirely new economic system Celebrating the best ideas in business People shop on Google more than a billion times a day. But until recently, the search results tended to come from big brands that paid big bucks to promote their listings. When I Googled tie-dyed T-shirts, the top results were from Gap, Zara, Lululemon, and Amazon. But that is soon about to change.........Read more

Could humans really destroy all life on Earth?

Among the many global catastrophic risks known to humans, some are entertained in the media more than the others. Asteroid impacts, supervolcano eruptions and climate change have all received the Hollywood treatment. And each of these have taken a devastating toll on our planet's life in the past. Yet, unknown to many people, a new global threat capable of destroying life itself is brewing in the shadows of our everyday lives. It's driven by the immense human desire for material consumption. And paradoxically it is a consequence of human life itself. Just look around – you are inseparably surrounded by material objects ­– whether they are needed in your life or not. For every bit of this material we use, there is a growing web of global actions that is slowly stripping human's , and . If left unchecked, is there a risk that human consumption may finally turn the Earth into an uninhabitable world? Do we have it in us to stop before it is too late?........Read more

Don’t be fooled by all those healthy recipes on social media—no one is actually making them

An award-winning team of journalists, designers, and videographers who tell brand stories through Fast Company's distinctive lens The future of innovation and technology in government for the greater good Our annual guide to the businesses that matter the most Leaders who are shaping the future of business in creative ways New workplaces, new food sources, new medicine--even an entirely new economic system Celebrating the best ideas in business Scrolling through recipes on Pinterest, you’d think its users are health nuts who are obsessed with low-cal dishes. But, as with many things on social media, looks are deceiving.........Read more

Why NASA is building a gigantic telescope on the far side of the Moon

Following the Big Bang, our budding Universe slowly cooled, and the first atoms took shape. Gravity gradually pulled on clumps of hydrogen and helium gas, forming the earliest stars. This era, lasting a few hundred million years prior to the large-scale formation of stars, is called the cosmic dark ages. The Lunar Crater Radio Telescope (LCRT), an ambitious concept to place a massive radio telescope on the far side of the , would study the Universe during this ancient era in detail for the very first time.........Read more

Google Workspace turns to "smart chips" to weave Docs, Tasks, and Meet together

The @ mention is the key to Google’s Office competitor Google is launching a slate of new features for its Workspace productivity suite today, starting with new “smart chips” that connect Google Docs to other products. Just like you can tag people with an @ symbol, starting today, you can use it to specialize links inside docs that hook up other files or meetings. They’re part of what Google is calling the “smart canvas,” a new initiative that promises to increase the cadence of product improvements for Workspace. having smaller bits of information like charts, text, and images become more modular and interconnected. It’s not dissimilar to , which launched last year. ........Read more

How to identify black fungus cases, what to do next? AIIMS issues new guidelines

AIIMS has released new guidelines for detection and care for cases of black fungus or mucormycosis that has claimed the lives of several Covid patients across the country. The AIIMS Covid ward has also said that those with uncontrolled diabetes, patients who are on high doses of steroid are at high risk of catching the black fungus infection. In Maharashtra, , a rare but fatal fungal infection. While in Rajasthan, there are over 100 cases of black fungus infection. The Rajasthan government has declared black fungus and and also set up a separate ward for its treatment. 1. AIIMS has said patients with uncontrolled diabetes, diabetic ketoacidosis, diabetics on steroids or tocilizumab are at high risk to contract mucormycosis. 2. Patients on immunosuppressant or anticancer treatment, chronic debilitating illness are also at high risk. 3. Patients on high dose steroids or on long duration of steroids, tocilizumab.........Read more

Home testing kit for Covid-19 gets ICMR nod. Watch how to test yourself

ICMR has approved a home-based testing kit for Covid-19. It is a home rapid antigen testing (RAT) kit, which is advisable only for symptomatic individuals and people who have come in contact with lab-tested Covid positive people. Indiscriminate testing, however, is not advised, ICMR said. So far, only one company --- Mylab Discovery Solutions Ltd --- has been approved in India. DCGI, too, has approved the market availability of the home-based test kit. This testing kit will not be available in the market immediately and will take some time to be widely available. With this approval, ICMR makes testing much easier now. The home-testing mobile app is available in Google Play Store and Apple Store and must be downloaded by all users. The mobile app will act as a comprehensive guide of the testing procedure and will provide a positive or negative test result to the patient. The app christened Mylab Coviself is where one needs to report the results. Click here for’s ........Read more

COVID-19: What is the D-Dimer test recommended for coronavirus patients?

The latest mutations of are dodging the RT-PCR tests with many people testing negative despite having symptoms of . But at the same time, further investigations related to lungs show that they have contracted the virus. “Seeing the current trend of failed RT-PCR tests, doctors have taken the help of many other effective testing procedures — D-Dimer, CRP, Interleukin-6 among others when reports of patients with symptoms come negative,” said Dr Shuchin Bajaj, founder-director, Ujala Cygnus Group of Hospitals. These tests are beneficial for monitoring the patient’s progression to related cytokine storm and help in timely medical intervention to reduce fatality. “We believe that the virus is now forming a colony in the lungs leaving the throat and nose, which are very dangerous signs. The latest wave has also led to the new and rare symptoms such as blood clotting, in which case, the-above mentioned tests are required,” Dr Bajaj said.........Read more

Apple Watch users will soon able to control their smartwatch using hand gestures

Watch is getting a brand new AssistiveTouch feature that will allow users to control their smartwatch without ever having to actually touch it. With the built-in motion sensors, heart rate monitor, and on-device machine learning, Apple Watch can detect muscle movement and tendon activity. This means users can navigate their Apple Watch with subtle hand gestures, including pinch or a clench. Through simple gestures, users can answer calls or access the control center. Apple says the idea behind the Assistive Touch feature for Apple Watch is to make it easier for users with upper body limb differences to use their smartwatch. A feature like the AssistiveTouch for Apple Watch is designed for people with mobility, vision, hearing and cognitive disabilities. This feature is planned to come to the Apple Watch “later this year.”........Read more

Himachal Farmer Revives Ancient Crop System That Saves 50% Water, Has 0 Input Costs

Farmer Nekram Sharma from Himachal Pradesh has switched from chemical-based farming to a 9-crop intercropping method that increases land fertility. ekram Sharma was in his teens when he witnessed the implementation of the government’s policy on fertilisers in the Karsog valley of Himachal Pradesh’s Mandi district. In the 1980s, the promotion of fertilisers and monoculture (or single crop) farming through subsidies led to farmers, including Nekram’s father, switching to increased use of fertilisers and shift from millet crops to cash crops for higher profits. By the time Nekram took over his family’s farmlands in the mid-nineties, the soil and land fertility were in doldrums. His land was addicted to harmful chemicals. Switching to organic farming overnight was not possible, so every year he reduced the volume of fertiliser. In 2005, he got rid of fertilisers altogether.........Read more

Einstein discussed a link between physics and biology in a letter, 70 years before it was confirmed

Since the dawn of the electronic age, it has never been easier for researchers to the general public – gaining access to precious resources otherwise unavailable. This is illustrated perfectly in our , in which we introduce a previously unknown letter written in 1949 by none other than Albert Einstein. In it, the German-born mathematician and physicist discusses bees, birds and whether new physics principles could come from studying animal senses. We first came across it in 2019, after Judith Davys – a retiree living in the United Kingdom – read an article we had published on the mathematical . She reached out to us to share the 72-year-old letter, which Einstein had addressed to her late husband Glyn Davys. We spent a year investigating the precious document.........Read more

How Does Sanofi-GSK’s New COVID Vaccine Work? What’s Different?

The experimental vaccine is in the Phase 2 trial. Here’s what you need to know about it. French pharma giant Sanofi and UK's GlaxoSmithKline Plc (GSK) reported on Monday, 17 May, that the clinical trials of their COVID-19 vaccine showed strong immune response, as the world races to deliver vaccines to help end the pandemic. The vaccine candidate “achieved strong rates of neutralising antibody responses, in line with those measured in people who have recovered from COVID-19, in all adult age groups in a Phase 2 study with 722 volunteers," the companies said in a . This comes after a setback in December last year, when the companies said that the vaccine candidate failed to induce a strong enough immune response in people 50 years and older in the interim results. The companies had added that the vaccine would only be ready by the end of 2021. How does the vaccine work?........Read more

Why AI developers love those annoying CAPTCHAs

Are you a human? If so, chances are you’ve filled out countless CAPTCHAs, the all-too-frequent tests internet users have to take to prove their humanity by identifying garbled text, fuzzy numbers, or images of traffic lights. The tests serve the crucial function of differentiating genuine human web users from malign bots attempting to hack or spam a website. But they’re also annoying and time-consuming. Web infrastructure company Cloudflare estimates . In a May 13 blog post, the company declared its intention to “get rid of CAPTCHAs completely” through alternatives that wouldn’t require people to complete arbitrary tasks.........Read more

After Pfizer CEO, German Expert Suggests The Necessity Of A 3rd Vaccine Shot: Do We Really Need It? 

CEO of Pfizer, Albert Bourla said people would need a third jab of Covid-19 vaccine within 12 months. Dr. Tom Frieden, former director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), U.S, however said that there is zero evidence to suggest the need for a third vaccine shot. After the CEO of American pharmaceutical company Pfizer, Albert Bourla said people would need a third dose of Covid-19 vaccine within 12 months, a German expert also echoed a similar suggestion. “A likely scenario is that there will be likely a need for a third dose, somewhere between six and 12 months and then from there, there will be annual revaccination, but all of that needs to be confirmed. And again, the variants will play a key role.” Recently, the head of Germany’s independent vaccine advisory panel, Thomas Mertens stated that it is likely that people will have to get a Covid-19 jab again next year.........Read more

Quantum Computing: Top Players 2021

This comment has been removed by the author. This comment has been removed by the author. It is not my speciality but, like you, I think it is an important new discipline in modern sciences. Presumably we will have to make enorm progresses in controlling the fabrication of superconducting devices at room temperature or and of cooling systems. Once again the technological progresses are meaningful only if they bring advantages, for example in chemistry and-as consequence- in biology and then in medicine (bioengeneery). Otherwise, if the long range purpose is only a military suppremacy... We are actually facing more important and immediate problems, I think ! ........Read more

Why we need trained psychologists in schools

"I never teach my pupils. I can only attempt to provide the conditions in which they can learn,"said Albert Einstein. It makes one wonder as to what are the right conditions to improve learning outcomes. Can this be measured on a scale? Is it true that physical infrastructure alone defines the quality of education that a student receives? an emotionally and mentally comforting space.........Read more

Covid 2.0: When will it end?

India is witnessing one of its bleakest, cruellest summers this year. The unrelenting second wave of the Covid-19 pandemic continues to extract a heavy toll as the days go by. Death continues to stalk our homes and neighbourhoods. We are now the second-most-affected country after the United States, accounting for nearly half the daily number of Covid-19 cases and nearly a fourth of the daily deaths. More worryingly, 533 of India’s 718 districts are now reporting a positivity rate of over 10 per cent. The question on everyone’s mind is, ‘when will this nightmare end?’ Unfortunately, the second wave is not over and experts are predicting a third wave. India Today Magazine May 24, 2021 cover, ‘When Will It End?’........Read more

Should you buy individual health plans for your parents or opt for a family floater?

There are numerous health insurance plans and optional covers available in the market that are designed to target different categories of the population along with different types of coverages for hospitalization expenses and critical illness. Priya Deshmukh Gilbile, COO, ManipalCigna Health Insurance, says, “Ideally, one should opt for health insurance plans that are highly customizable and provide extensive coverage options, apart from providing for hospitalization expenses arising out of lifestyle diseases and/or critical illnesses.”........Read more

Android 12 Beta first look, impressions: Google builds a fun, playful and more personal operating system

Over the last few years, as put in feature after feature to make Android more useful, its design — or how the software looked — remained largely the same. Surely there were tweaks here and there, Google for instance has had a knack of updating the quick settings menu with every new version as if like clockwork, but even as Android has grown to more than 3 billion active devices around the world, it has looked more or less the same for a while now. All this changes with Android 12.........Read more

Quick Tips: How to prepare for a worsening economic scenario if you have loans?

Augment your emergency fund, reduce your debt, and improve your credit score. Having sufficient cash reserves at hand can make a lot of difference in case you are faced with any economic uncertainty. “Usually, most people put away six months’ salary as an emergency fund. Use this time to increase your emergency corpus to up a year’s salary. This means that you will have sufficient funds at hand and so you needn’t worry about your EMIs for a much longer time in case you suffer from any reversals,” says Adhil Shetty, CEO, more

New technology enables conversion of waste plastics to jet fuel in just one hour

Washington State University researchers have developed an innovative way to convert plastics to ingredients for jet fuel and other valuable products, making it easier and more cost-effective to reuse plastics. The researchers in their reaction were able to convert 90% of plastic to jet fuel and other valuable hydrocarbon products within an hour at moderate temperatures and to easily fine-tune the process to create the products that they want. Led by graduate student Chuhua Jia and Hongfei Lin, associate professor in the Gene and Linda Voiland School of Chemical Engineering and Bioengineering, they report on their work in the journal, Chem Catalysis. "In the recycling industry, the cost of recycling is key," Lin said. "This work is a milestone for us to advance this new technology to commercialization."........Read more

PUBG Mobile returns as Battlegrounds Mobile India; how to register, see new maps & more

South Korean video game developer Krafton on Tuesday announced that the pre-registration for PUBG's Indian version "Battlegrounds Mobile India" is now live on Google Play Store for fans in India. Players pre-registering for Battlegrounds Mobile India will get four rewards -- the Recon Mask, the Recon Outfit, Celebration Expert Title and 300 AG. These rewards are for fans who pre-register, so get ready to dive in and enjoy the battle royale experience on the game with your friends, the company said in a statement. To pre-register for India, users can visit the Google Play Store Link and click on the "Pre-Register" button, and their rewards will automatically be available to claim on game launch. Battlegrounds Mobile India Set in a virtual world, Battlegrounds Mobile India is a battle royale where multiple players employ strategies to fight and be the last man standing.........Read more

Spreads Faster, May Be Less Responsive to Treatment, Vaccine: How Worrying is the New Variant?

Family members perform last rites of a Covid-19 patient at a cremation ground, amid a surge in Coronavirus cases across the country, in Jalandhar. (PTI) For the first time in months, people across England are meeting indoors at pubs, restaurants, cinemas, gyms and elsewhere as coronavirus rules were relaxed this week. But Prime Minister Boris Johnson warned Britons to be cautious and some of the scientists advising him say restrictions might need to be re-imposed quickly because of a worrying variant first detected in India. US to Send Extra 20 Million Covid Vaccine Doses Abroad, White House Says Centre........Read more

$STOPELON Is A New Corn Born As Reaction To Elon Musk's Constant Influence On Crypto Values

We’ve said it before, and we’ll say it again. There are very few things that are certain in life. Day after night. And tweeting about cryptocurrency. Usually with pretty damaging effects for crypto investors, something we have seen over the past few weeks with the tumbling values of and . The former being the result of a SNL appearance which didn’t really result in the value spike as expected. Now, the cryptocurrency wants to fight back, and a new coin has been minted as a result—STOPELON. The intention is to make crypto investors, particularly those who are starting out, aware of the crypto market fluctuations that are caused by Elon Musk’s tweets, which the community calls “irresponsibly manipulating”. Final target—take full control of Tesla stock, after the four-phase $STOPELON launch plan.........Read more

Covid-19 Aid vs Climate Change: Maiden Indian Crypto Relief Fund's Conundrum

India’s effort to combat the second wave of Covid-19 using cryptocurrencies seems to be at a crossroads. The setting up of the country’s first crypto relief fund has triggered a new debate over climate change. Experts have pointed out that as cryptocurrencies become increasingly mainstream, their backend financial infrastructure will start having a noticeable impact on carbon footprint. Bitcoin mining, for example, leaves an annual carbon footprint almost equivalent to that of Mumbai. The Indian Express quoted a study by Alex de Vries, a Dutch economist, which shows that Bitcoins leave behind a carbon footprint of 38.10 Mt a year. Mumbai’s yearly carbon footprint stands at 32 Mt. This was recently backed by Tesla CEO Elon Musk. “We are concerned about rapidly increasing use of fossil fuels for Bitcoin mining and transactions, especially coal, which has the worst emissions of any fuel,” he tweeted last Wednesday.........Read more

COVID-19 Vaccine: 40% Indians Likely to be Fully Vaccinated by November, Says Report

India’s teething troubles of COVID-19 vaccination coverage are likely to persist over the next month Around 40 per cent of India’s adult population likely to be fully vaccinated by November, largely through indegineous vaccine production, a recent report by YES Securities said. “By January 2022, another 20 per cent is likely to be vaccinated, thereby covering 60 per cent of the adult population," it further added. YES Securities further stated that around 80% of the adult population will be inoculated by the end of this fiscal. “It is pertinent to note that the vaccination threshold for herd immunity as defined by one of WHO’s chief scientists, is 60‐70 per cent of the total population," the analysts mentioned.........Read more

Say What!? This AI System Can Detect Sarcasm in Social Media Posts

Computer science researchers including one of Indian-origin at the University of Central Florida have developed an artificial intelligence (AI)-based sarcasm detector for posts on social media platforms. Sarcasm has been a major hurdle to increasing the accuracy of sentiment analysis, especially on social media, since sarcasm relies heavily on vocal tones, facial expressions and gestures that cannot be represented in text. While artificial intelligence (AI) refers to logical data analysis and response, sentiment analysis is akin to correctly identifying emotional communication on social media. “The presence of sarcasm in text is the main hindrance in the performance of sentiment analysis,” says Ivan Garibay, Assistant Professor of engineering from Complex Adaptive Systems Lab (CASL) at University of Central Florida. ........Read more

Yoga For Immunity: 3 Yoga Asanas That Can Boost Your Immune System

The immune system protects us from harmful things that could enter our body from the outside environment. Immunity also fights against disease-causing germs of bacteria that could occur inside the body as well. The main task of the immune system is to eliminate pathogens, viruses, parasites, or fungi that could cause harm to us and to remove them from the body. The immune system recognizes and neutralizes these harmful substances from the body’s environment and fights disease-causing germs such as cancer cells. There are two subsystems contained within the immune system called the innate immune system and the adaptive immune system. Both of these subsystems are linked together and work to remove harmful substances and germs which usually trigger an immune response. ........Read more

Oximeter vs Smartwatch: Can Wearables Track Blood Oxygen Reliably and Which One Should You Buy?

India’s battle against the deadly second wave of COVID-19 continues, and both governments and civic bodies are working tirelessly to ensure resources reach on time. However, loopholes and lapses seem unavoidable, posing a risk to citizens’ safety. While the coronavirus-related knowledge remains disputable even now, one of the key gadgets doctors are recommending is an oximeter that can measure blood oxygen saturation or SpO2 levels to understand each COVID-19 patient’s condition. Generally, it is said that the SpO2 of patients must maintain near 95 percent, and a drop further below must require urgent doctor’s attention. Oximeters are available to buy at local medical stores between Rs 2,000 to Rs 4,000, but there could be a shortage given the magnitude of cases India is witnessing daily. Thankfully, tech companies like Apple, Samsung, Realme, and Garmin have been experimenting with Sp02 sensor on their wearables to allow users to monitor not just blood oxygen saturation but other health data, on the go.........Read more

​Why iPads Still Don't Have a Calculator App Despite Being Launched in 2010

When it comes to redefining technology, Apple is one big name that never disappoints. From introducing Apple 1 — company's first pre-assembled computer in 1976 to launching iPhone in 2007, which forever changed the smartphone industry, the Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak-started company has come a long way. However, when Apple launched the first iPad in 2010, it did not have a basic feature that you can find on almost any gadget with a display screen — a calculator app. You can find a stock calculator app in all the iPhones, Macs, and even in the Apple watches. So, how did the company ignore this basic but useful tool in its range of iPads? As explained in the video, the software team led by Forstall did not design a new calculator app and simply scaled up the version that was included in iPhones. Apple Users are Actually Drilling Holes into New Airtags Instead of Spending 33K on Accessories........Read more

Is Koo’s Content Moderation Lax by Design Or is it a Size Issue?

Will Koo’s technonationalism, the linking of technology with national identity, be used to shield it from criticism? Koo shot to prominence in February 2021 when a number of cabinet ministers and prominent political figures joined the app after Twitter refused to fully comply with MeitY’s orders to take down several accounts, stating that doing so would be “inconsistent with Indian law”. Since then, India’s “homegrown Twitter” . Is Koo’s content moderation lax by design? Or is it a product of the kind of capacity problem that even giants like Facebook and Twitter have been struggling with for years? ........Read more

India might see 'serious livelihood crisis' due to Covid-19, lockdowns, says economist Jean Dreze

India might be heading towards a serious livelihood crisis as the situation seems to be worse this time for the working class amid the Covid crisis and local restrictions by states already add up to something close to a nationwide lockdown, according to noted economist Jean Dreze. In an interview to PTI, he also said the government's target to make India a USD 5 trillion economy by 2024-25 was never a \"feasible target\" and was just to pander to the \"super-power ambitions\" of the Indian elite. About the impact of the second wave of Covid on the Indian economy, the eminent economist said the situation today is not very different from what it was around this time last year as far as working people are concerned. Read | Centre asks states to prioritise vaccinating those due for second jab of Covid-19 vaccine \"The economic consequences of local lockdowns may not be as destructive as those of a national lockdown. But in some respects, things are worse this time for the working class,\" he opined.........Read more

Before burials, what did humans do with our dead?

How did human uniqueness first evolve among our ancestors, setting us apart from other animals? That is a question many archaeologists are grappling with by investigating early records of art, language, food preparation, ornaments, and symbols. How our ancestors treated and mourned the dead can also offer crucial clues, helping to reveal when we first developed the abstract thinking needed to fully grasp the concept of death. ........Read more

It’s time India stopped using plasma therapy for Covid-19

As Covid-19 wreaks havoc across the country, thousands of patients and caregivers continue to search for plasma donors—despite a lack of scientific evidence to prove that it’ll work against the disease. Every day, countless calls on social media ask for plasma from a particular blood group, often for critical patients in the ICU. Those who have already donated plasma have been encouraging others to donate before getting vaccinated. Brands like dating app TrulyMadly and e-commerce website Snapdeal have jumped on this bandwagon to facilitate plasma donations........Read more

5 Simple Breathing Exercises To Improve And Strengthen Your Lung Health

While India continues to gasp for breath due to an extreme shortage of oxygen supply, it has become important to be vigilant by staying at home and keeping healthy and fit. We need to strengthen our lungs more than ever, as the COVID-19 virus impacts our respiratory system severely. Breathing exercises are a great way to develop the lungs as they improve lung muscles, clear out any secretion and increase the capacity by supplying an adequate amount of oxygen. There are several other benefits to these exercises as well! It also helps us stay calmer, and de-stress especially in these unprecedented times we are living in. Jyoti Dabas, Founder & CEO of the Institute of Nutrition and Fitness Sciences (INFS) shares five easy-to-do breathing exercises that you can do. This is one of the easiest and most important exercises. It helps in strengthening our lungs and improving blood flow, immunity and eliminating stress and anxiety.........Read more

COVID-19 Diet Chart by Government: Chocolate, Eggs, And Dry Fruits to Build Immunity

A lot of emphasizes has been put on eating healthy and why a healthy diet is important to combat COVID-19. The second wave of Coronavirus has turned out to be more alarming and devastating than the previous one, many are turning to strengthen their immune system using homegrown plants, ‘kadhas’, and a nutrient-rich and diverse diet. People recovering from COVID should switch to foods that will help in rebuilding their immunity. Now, the government shared a five-step sample meal plan for people who are recovering from COVID. The government had listed food items on its mygovindia Twitter handle, the main focus of the meal plan is to help rebuild muscle, immunity, and energy levels. It says that a person recovering from COVID should consume whole grains like ragi, oats, and amaranth. For protein intake, one can include chicken, fish, eggs, soy, nuts, and seeds. For fats, include walnuts, olive oil, and mustard oil. ........Read more

The Covid Recovery Diet As Prescribed By A Nutritionist

Good nutrition is very important before, during and after an infection. While no foods or dietary supplements can prevent the onset of the deadly Coronavirus, maintaining a healthy diet is essential to make your immune system battle-ready. Remember that even in mild/quick recovery cases, the potential after-effects, which can be long-term, require good reserves of energy, proteins, vitamins and minerals. These help speed up the recovery process and trigger the immune response back to form. Unfortunately, a huge setback during and post the infection is the loss of smell and/or taste which hugely affects the patient's appetite. The heavy dosage of medication prescribed can also cause a lot of nausea and food aversions. So it is essential that whatever little one is able to consume should be dense in nutrition and energy and should ideally tap into every food group.........Read more

Mahindra XUV900 To Become Brand's First Coupe SUV Model

It will be a modern version of the XUV Aero concept which the automaker showcased at the Auto Expo 5 years ago. Only a month has passed since the Mahindra XUV900 trademark was uncovered and now, it has come to light that the carmaker will be using that moniker for its very first coupe SUV based on the upcoming XUV700. Those with a good memory will remember that at the Auto Expo held in 2016, the automaker unveiled its XUV Aero concept. It was expected to be launched in a few years from then and would have slotted above the XUV500 on which it was based. However, that project never really took off, until now, that is. Having put the XUV Aero project on the back-burner, Mahindra could have thought that the time is ripe for a revival of the coupe SUV model. Just as we had , the Mahindra XUV900 will be a modern iteration of the XUV Aero concept and it will be based on the XUV700.........Read more

How 5G Will Revolutionise Laptop Usage: Qualcomm VP Says Smartphone Learnings Will Determine 5G Computing

5G is the next big thing in the technology world and it is expected to change computing for a better and more technologically advanced future. Over the last year or so, with the COVID-19 pandemic restricting us indoors, we have developed a special relationship with our computers and computing devices. With the boom in remote working, E-learning, and the likes, this special relationship is here to stay. American chipmaker Qualcomm has started a new video series named “The Future of.." where a panel of experts talk about a certain aspect of technology and its future prosects. In the first episode of the series, Qualcomm talks about 5G, and how 5G can shape the future of PCs. ........Read more

LIC New Rule for Life Certificates, Annuities, Claim Settlements Amid COVID. Know Details

To make claim-settlement process easier and hassle-free, the Life Insurance Corporation (LIC) has announced various relaxations To make claim-settlement process easier and hassle-free, the Life Insurance Corporation (LIC) has announced various relaxations. The move came after the second wave of coronavirus pandemic had severely affected the entire country.........Read more

Tokyo Olympics 2020: With fake cheers and empty seats, Japanese capital gives glimpse of COVID-era Olympics

Fake cheers, empty seats, and the sound of pounding feet: welcome to the COVID-era Tokyo Olympics, which Japan seems determined to hold at all costs. An athletics test event brought home the reality of hosting an Olympics during the pandemic, with athletes competing in a muted atmosphere and excitement hard to muster. Foot-strikes echoed around Tokyo's 68,000-capacity Olympic Stadium during Sunday's track events, with recorded crowd noises reaching a crescendo as the runners approached the finish. A fanfare of music greeted the end of the race, before the runners quickly departed down the tunnel, leaving a smattering of media and officials in the otherwise empty stadium. "It's weird running in a stadium with no fans," US sprinter Justin Gatlin said after winning the men's 100m. "It feels almost like a time trial or kind of like an intra-squad meet." The athletics meet, one of a series of test events taking place in Tokyo, involved more than 400 competitors, only nine of them from overseas.........Read more

Vegetarians have healthier levels of disease markers than meat-eaters

Biomarkers can have bad and good health effects, promoting or preventing cancer, cardiovascular and , and other chronic conditions, and have been widely used to assess the effect of diets on health. However, evidence of the metabolic benefits associated with being vegetarian is unclear. To understand whether dietary choice can make a difference to the levels of disease markers in blood and urine, researchers from the University of Glasgow did a cross-sectional study analysing data from 177,723 healthy participants (aged 37-73 years) in the UK Biobank study, who reported no major changes in diet over the last five years.........Read more

Importance Of Nutrition In The First Three Years Of Life

Brain growth is most dependent on food and nutrition. Here are some tips for the first crucial years of an infant Food is the most essential commodity for survival. This is instinctively known from birth. As parents, you try to give the best nutrition for your child. Proper nutrition for your child is fundamental for his/her growth and development. Food is the source of nutrition for your baby’s body. You need to provide adequate nutrition to your little one by serving them the right foods. Nutrition helps your baby develop in the following manner - Adequate nutrition plays an important role in the early formative years of your little one’s life. Your baby’s body and brain growth is the fastest during this age group. Proper intake of all nutrients like carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, and minerals, is absolutely essential to ensure optimal growth and development.........Read more

Why High Antibody Doesn’t Guarantee Protection From Covid-19?

The purpose of the current vaccination drive is to provide protection from Sars_Cov_2 that causes Covid-19. However, in the second wave, many such cases have come up in which people have contracted the virus a few weeks after taking both doses of vaccines. A few of them have died also. Though a vaccine helps produce antibodies in advance to fight against the virus yet every individual doesn’t develop the same amount of it after vaccination. Doctors say that the amount of antibodies that vaccination will produce in an individual depends on his or her immune system. The quantity of antibody is measured by its titer value and a higher titer value means more antibody in a person. Now the question is, “Is there a benchmark for antibody level beyond which the virus will not cause any infection?”........Read more

Mars rocks could sustain life with underground water | Popular Science

Living microbes could be hanging out beneath the Martian surface, according to of Mars rocks from Brown University. The research shows that Mars could provide a stable, nourishing environment there for billions of years. All life needs energy to survive. The life on Earth’s surface mostly gets that energy from the sun, but microbes can survive without light if they get their energy elsewhere. “To have sufficient chemical energy for life, you need both reducing compounds and oxidizing compounds,” says , a planetary scientist at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Lab. He led the study while completing his Ph.D. at Brown University. Reduction is just a chemical process that gives a molecule more electrons, and oxidation is one that takes them away. Microbes would need these basic chemical fuel types, along with liquid water, to survive. The surface of Mars is barren, heavily radiated, and cold. But underground, deep enough down, scientists think the warmth of the planet’s core keeps water liquid.........Read more

The Psychedelic Revolution Is Coming. Psychiatry May Never Be The Same.

After decades of demonisation and criminalisation, psychedelic drugs are on the cusp of entering mainstream psychiatry, with profound implications for a field that in recent decades has seen few pharmacological advancements for the treatment of mental disorders and addiction.........Read more

Immediate Global Use of Ivermectin Will End COVID-19 Pandemic, Claims New Study

As the COVID-19 pandemic continues to send tremors across the medical fraternity by challenging therapeutic approaches, physicians and researchers are turning to existing drugs for answers. One such drug is Ivermectin. Now, a new review study has stated that the immediate use of the drug globally can end the SARS-CoV-2-caused pandemic. The peer-reviewed study led by the Front Line COVID-19 Critical Care Alliance (FLCCC), scrutinized published peer-reviewed studies, expert meta-analyses, manuscripts, and epidemiological studies of areas with distribution efforts of Ivermectin. It concluded that Ivermectin is an effective treatment for COVID-19 as well as efficacious prophylaxis (preventive medication).........Read more

SpaceX accepts dogecoin as payment to launch lunar mission next year

SpaceX will launch the “DOGE-1 Mission to the Moon” in the first quarter of next year, with Elon Musk’s commercial rocket company accepting the meme-inspired cryptocurrency dogecoin as payment. "SpaceX launching satellite Doge-1 to the moon next year – Mission paid for in Doge – 1st crypto in space – 1st meme in space", Musk said in a . Geometric Energy Corporation announced the dogecoin-funded mission earlier on Sunday, with the statement not disclosing the mission's financial value.........Read more

Covid 2.0 and The Failed State

On May 16, 2014, Narendra Modi powered himself and his party to a historic win, marking a return to a single-party majority after 25 years of coalition governments. His feat was a result not just of his stirring oratory but also because he held out hope at a time the Manmohan Singh-led UPA government was embroiled in corruption scandals and afflicted by paralysis of governance. On May 13, 2013, we put Prime Minister Manmohan Singh on our cover with the title ‘Dr Dolittle’. In our November 23, 1998 cover story, ‘Unfit to Govern’, we outlined how Atal Bihari Vajpayee had presided over the political drift, economic stagnation and administrative paralysis for seven months. Vajpayee, we had said then, was on the verge of joining PMs like Rajiv Gandhi, VP Singh and PV Narasimha Rao, who inspired hope only to dash it.........Read more

Best of 80s: The tech that defined the decade

The 1980s is a decade that is often remembered for its significant contributions in shaping the tech of the future. The release of Nintendo GameBoy and NES, the rise of Walkman and Trinitron TVs, the popularity of Casio calculator watch, and the craze for the Video Home System or VHS define the eventful ten years to a large extent. If you are obsessed with the gadgets of the 80s, this list will be a walk down memory lane for you.........Read more

Explained: ‘Black fungus’ in Covid-19 patients

A rare but serious fungal infection, known as mucormycosis and colloquially as “black fungus”, is being detected relatively frequently among patients in some states. The disease often manifests in the skin and also affects the lungs and the brain. With a number of in Delhi, Maharashtra and Gujarat, experts in the national Covid-19 task force on Sunday issued an evidence-based advisory on the disease. Although rare, it is a serious infection. It is caused by a group of moulds known as mucormycetes present naturally in the environment. It mainly affects people who are on medication for health problems that reduces their ability to fight environmental pathogens, say experts from the Covid-19 task force task force.........Read more

Attention! WhatsApp Will Still Lose Functionality If You Don't Accept Updated Terms of Service

It was reported yesterday that whatsapp has scrapped its May 15 deadline for users to accept its controversial privacy policy update and said not accepting the terms will not lead to deletion of accounts on May 15. This came after WhatsApp faced severe backlash over user concerns that data was being shared with parent company . A WhatsApp spokesperson has said that no accounts will be deleted on May 15 for not accepting the policy update. However, in a later, the Facebook-owned messaging app said that those who do not accept the updated terms of service will get more persistent reminders after a period of several weeks and will also lose functionality after some time. The company said that at the time of receiving persistent reminders, users will encounter “limited functionality" on WhatsApp, which will also be lost if they don’t accept the updates till much later. ........Read more

This magical position while sleeping significantly improves oxygen levels

As COVID-19 tightens its grip, India gasps for a breath of fresh air. An acute shortage of oxygen across the country has posed a serious challenge in critical patients. Hospitals running out of medical oxygen are tweeting for help after exhausting all possible means. In this situation, precaution at early stages of COVID is an essential combat mechanism. That's only second to taking all the precautions to stay safe by staying indoors, maintaining hygiene, social distancing and double masking.........Read more

"Felt Really Heavy": Astronauts Describe Returning To Earth On SpaceX Capsule

A SpaceX Crew Dragon capsule carrying the crew back to Earth splashed down off Florida early Sunday. Four astronauts just returned from the International Space Station described on Thursday their reentry into Earth's atmosphere and ocean splashdown after more than 160 days in space. A SpaceX Crew Dragon capsule carrying the crew back to Earth splashed down off Florida early Sunday in NASA's first nighttime ocean landing in more than 50 years. "There was a point where I was just saying to myself, breathe. Inhale, because I felt really heavy -- I felt like those cartoons when they experience G and your face is just sagging down," said American Victor Glover, one of the astronauts in the group called Crew-1. It was the first regular mission to be taken and then returned from the ISS aboard a spacecraft built by billionaire Elon Musk's company.........Read more

WTO vaccine waiver could take months to negotiate, faces opposition -experts

World Trade Organization (WTO) negotiations on a waiver of intellectual property rights for COVID-19 vaccines could take months - provided they can overcome significant opposition from some member countries, trade experts say. The talks also are likely to focus on a waiver that is significantly narrower in scope and shorter in duration than the one initially proposed by India and South Africa last October. Prior to U.S. President Joe Biden’s decision on Wednesday to , the two countries confirmed their intention to draft a new proposal after seven months of opposition. WTO Director General Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala welcomed Biden’s move on Thursday and urged talks on the new plan to . “The world is watching and people are dying,” she added.........Read more

Hand sanitiser: WHO explains how much amount to use and how often

Hand sanitisers have become an integral part of precautionary measures against . Hand hygiene has become crucial to prevent transmission of the virus. World Health Organisation (WHO) has shared some tips and facts to keep in mind while using an . *What is the amount of alcohol-based hand sanitiser you should use? WHO recommends applying a palmful of sanitiser to cover all surfaces of the hands. Rub your hands together using the until they are dry. The entire procedure should last 20-30 seconds. *Is it safe to use alcohol-based sanitisers? “Alcohols in sanitisers have not been shown to create any relevant health issues,” WHO mentioned on Instagram. Only a small amount of alcohol is absorbed into the skin; most products also contain an emollient (that has a soothing effect on the skin) to reduce skin dryness.........Read more

I had Covid, when should I get vaccine? What if I miss second dose? Answers to these & more

As the second wave of the pandemic rages on in India, a number of people, including those who have either recovered from Covid-19 or have tested positive, are now ready to be vaccinated against the disease. So, when should a recovered person get vaccinated? What happens when a person catches Covid between two doses of vaccines? What if someone misses their second dose? ThePrint answers this and some more frequently asked questions regarding vaccination, Covid recovery, and the body’s immune response. The US’ Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that a person get vaccinated immediately after recovery, while the World Health Organization (WHO) states that a person should as natural antibodies seem to likely persist in the human body until then. In India, most doctors recommend arbitrary gaps between recovery and vaccination, typically between one and three months.........Read more

How holograms, deepfakes, and AR are raising the dead

Musical superstar, sneaker mogul, and former presidential candidate Kanye West gave his future ex-wife Kim Kardashian the birthday gift of a “hologram” of her dead father, Robert Kardashian, who died in 2003. The elaborate and expensive simulation said the kinds of things a ghost would say, such as that he watches over Kim, her siblings, and children, and that sometimes he leaves hints that he’s still around. (He also said the kinds of things that Kanye West would say, like what a towering genius Kanye West is.) The Kardashian stunt came years after the appearance of California rapper Tupac Shakur at Coachella some 15 years after his death. Tupac blew drug-addled minds at the concert by performing a duet with living rapper Snoop Dogg. The ghost of Tupac was organized by rapper and producer Dr. Dre and largely constructed by the Hollywood digital effects company Digital Domain.........Read more

Mediatek Will Beat Qualcomm In 2021; New Chinese Chipset Firm Can Disrupt The Market

When it comes to the global smartphone AP (Application Processor)/SoC (System on Chip) chipset market, Mediatek is the leader with predictions of capturing 37% of market share in 2021. It benefits in the first half of this year from its rival Qualcomm, coming in 2nd at 31%, which is facing a supply shortage of RFICs (radio-frequency integrated circuits) from Samsung’s texas facility ravaged by disruptive winter storms. Another factor is the smaller output of 5nm wafers which Mediatek does not use which is another disadvantage for Qualcomm. It has also benefited from the American sanctions on Huawei phones which run on its HiSilicon unit. Some of the biggest Android smartphone makers in the world are Mediatek’s customers which when combined account for 35% of worldwide smartphone shipments. These vendors include Xiaomi, Oppo and Vivo. Mediatek is currently Taiwan’s 2nd biggest company with a market value of $62 billion.........Read more

Don’t pass the salt – WHO issues benchmarks for sodium content in food

Excessive salt in food and beverages is putting people at greater risk of potentially fatal heart disease and strokes, the World Health Organization (WHO) said on Wednesday, issuing fresh guidelines for limiting sodium content. An estimated 11 million deaths globally are associated with poor diet each year, including 3 million attributable to high sodium intake, it said in a report. In many wealthy countries, and increasingly in lower income nations, a significant proportion of sodium in the diet comes from manufactured foods such as bread, cereal, processed meats and dairy products including cheese, the WHO said. Sodium chloride is the chemical name for salt and sodium is a mineral that regulates the amount of water in the body. Authorities must establish policies to reduce salt intake and provide people with information to make the right food choices, WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said.........Read more

COVID-19 in children: Some important questions answered

While last year it was not the case, this year, more and more children have started getting affected by the covid-19 infection, as part of the second wave. As such, parents may be worried about them, having several questions unanswered. To address their doubts and assuage them, Dr Sreenath S Manikanti, senior pediatrician and neonatologist at Fortis La-Femme Hospital in Bengaluru shared with answers to some FAQs about in children. Read on. “The majority of children with COVID-19 are asymptomatic. Most will have mild illness, and 60-70 per cent are either asymptomatic or have mild disease. Very few children, who are symptomatic (1-2 per cent) require ICU care in tertiary centres,” the doctor said.........Read more

126 Doctors Died of Covid-19 This Year, IMA Says it Will Ascertain Vaccination Status of Deceased

The Indian Medical Association (IMA) has said that it is in the process of ascertaining the vaccination status of doctors who died of Covid-19 this year. A study by the IMA showed that a total of 126 doctors died of Covid-19 this year. Whereas the toll last year was 736. “Health department of Government of India and various states should maintain an official data of Health Care Workers affected and died due to Covid with their vaccination status. Unfortunately, the government is not doing it hence IMA is trying to collect this data,” Dr Ravi Wankhedkar said. The Centre started the nationwide vaccination drive for health care workers and old age people from January 16 this year. Out of the 16-crore vaccination conducted so far, 94.7 Lakh healthcare workers (HCWs) have taken the first dose while 63.5 Lakh HCWs have received the second dose. Gujarat Sadhvi's Faithful Dog Walks 5 Km for Her Funeral Procession, Proves Loyalty is Beyond Death........Read more

How to use a pulse oximeter correctly for monitoring oxygen saturation

Amid the covid-19 crisis, doctors are advising patients to take measures to keep their oxygen saturation in check before running to the hospital, claiming a lot of them could be cured if they follow appropriate medical advise while being in home isolation. To check oxygen saturation, COVID-19 patients can use a pulse oximeter to monitor oxygen levels on their own. But before using it, one should know how to use it correctly. Monitoring your oxygen saturation is an important aspect of care. Here are simple steps to remember while using an oximeter… ........Read more

Covishield Vs Covaxin: All You Need To Know Before Getting Vaccinated

The government has announced that all citizens above 18 can get Covid-19 vaccination from May 1. It also allowed sales of vaccines to private players. The registration process on the government’s CoWIN platform begins on April 28. Currently, the government-sponsored drive covers only those above 45 years at designated vaccination sites. 80 per cent for Covaxin and 60-90 per cent for Covishield. But the prime benefit of the vaccination is prevention from severe illness, hospitalisation, and death and in that regard, both vaccines offer near 100 per cent protection from this,” Dr Trupti Gilada told Outlook.........Read more

Covid Vaccines Speed Up Production Of Antibodies In Those Who Have Recovered From Infection: BHU Study

A pilot study conducted on 20 volunteers has shown that the first dose of coronavirus vaccine helps develop antibodies among Covid-19 recovered persons faster compared to those people who never contracted the virus. The research highlights the role and benefits of natural antibodies against the SARS-CoV-2 virus responsible for Covid. The study has established that if a recovered person loses his antibodies after a few months of recovery, his memory cells help produce faster immunity in case of reinfection. Gyaneshwar Chaubey, a professor of genetics at Banaras Hindu University (BHU) selected 20 volunteers and divided them into two groups, each of 10 participants with an age variation of 42-82 years. “The first group had people who were infected and recovered from SARS-CoV-2 and the second group of volunteers were those who had never contracted the virus,” Prof Chaubey said.........Read more

Our immune systems blanket the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein with antibodies

Previous research focused on one group of antibodies that target the most obvious part of the coronavirus's spike protein, called the receptor-binding domain (RBD). Because the RBD is the part of the spike that attaches directly to and enables the virus to infect them, it was rightly assumed to be a primary target of the immune system. But, testing blood plasma samples from four people who recovered from SARS-CoV-2 infections, the researchers found that most of the antibodies circulating in the blood—on average, about 84%—target areas of the viral spike protein outside the RBD—and, apparently, for good reason.........Read more

Are Chinese TVs Spying On Users? This Company Admits That A Preloaded App Went Rogue

Even as Chinese owned TV brands are steadily gaining traction in many markets around the works, including India and North America, there is a growing suspicion that these TVs may be spying on users. A Chinese TV maker Skyworth has confirmed that some of its smart TVs were collecting user data and blames a third-party app that was preloaded on the TVs in the first place. Skyworth TVs have an app called Gozen Service, which has been logging and sharing data about all other connected gadgets on the Wi-Fi network that the TV is connected with. The Gozen Service app is developed by a company called Gozen Data, which calls itself a big data analysis platform for OTT services and is based in Beijing, China. Skyworth is promising that the app has since been disabled.........Read more

Can steroid use at early stages cause a drop in oxygen? What AIIMS chief has to say

As many people are reeling under the Covid-19 infection, one of the most noted impacts is a drop in oxygen saturation level. During the second wave, people having a drop in oxygen saturation level have increased and more people are turning in for hospitalisation. According to AIIMS chief Randeep Guleria, many people with mild symptoms are being prescribed steroids, CT scans and other tests. He noted that hospitals are now seeing patients with mild symptoms who have consumed steroids and as a result, virus replication was triggered leading to drop in oxygen levels. A report by The IE citing Guleria said that the people need to understand that when steroids are consumed at the early stage, it can give more stimulus to virus replication. There are many cases where mild infection virus has become severe with patients now reporting pneumonia. In the first five days of infection, steroids have no role, Guleria highlighted.........Read more

What Scientists Know About the B.1.617 Coronavirus Variant

India in the grip of a devastating second wave of COVID-19—the country more than 368,000 new cases and 3,417 deaths from the disease yesterday—some have suggested that a variant first detected there in October could share some of the blame. The B.1.617 version of the coronavirus carries the ominous nickname “double mutant,” but it has more than two sequence changes from older SARS-CoV-2 variants, and little is known so far about the effects of these alterations, if any, on disease severity or the virus’s ability to evade immunity gained through infection or vaccines.........Read more

Youngsters beware: Covid-related Happy Hypoxia is a silent killer

As the second wave of coronavirus is continuing its killing spree in India, medical experts have expressed their concern over 'Happy Hypoxia', a condition that is commonly found among youngsters. Happy Hypoxia is a condition where the oxygen saturation of the Covid patient gets low but does not feel any symptoms. According to medical experts, this condition is often found in youngsters due to their high immunity and health. Happy Hypoxia could turn dangerous As increasing numbers of youngsters are getting admitted to the hospitals due to Covid with moderate and severe symptoms, medical experts are very much concerned about patients with moderate symptoms, as they could be having Happy Hypoxia.........Read more

Danish Sait, The Funny Guy | Forbes India

As an RJ, emcee, show host, actor, influencer and IPL’s only travelling comedian (with the Royal Challengers Bangalore, hosting the Insider Series as loveable buffoon Mr Nags for seven seasons now), Sait was a recognised multi-hyphenate even before the lockdown. But through the last several months, he’s broken out of his regional playground and produced online content that had social media across the country hooked and in splits. ........Read more

‘AOL and Yahoo still exist?’ Private-equity firm Apollo agrees to buy two relics of early internet days for $5 billion

The deal to buy Verizon's media unit, including Yahoo and AOL, was quickly met with mockery after it was announced on Monday. “This is interesting news,” podcast host Mark Eastman said. “Also, they are offloading pet rocks and a disco ball manufacturer.” This is interesting news. Also, they are offloading pet rocks and a disco ball manufacturer AOL and yahoo still exist? And someone paid 5 billion dollars for them? Indeed, Yahoo and AOL have fallen a long way since being ubiquitous players back when the internet mushroomed up as a gigantic consumer marketplace and public square in the 1990s and early 2000s. The companies had combined market values exceeding $300 billion around the turn of the millennium, before they were overtaken by today's Big Tech giants.........Read more

A neglected protein-rich 'superfood'

The idea of biting into a burger made from crushed crickets or mixing mealworms into your fried rice may take a little getting used to. But even if the thought of eating insects turns your stomach now, bugs could – and some researchers say should – form an important part of our diet. While the West might be unusually squeamish about insects, people have been eating them for thousands of years, and in many parts of the world the practice is commonplace. in countries across Asia, South America and Africa. In Thailand, heaped trays of crisp deep-fried grasshoppers are sold at markets and . Yet in Europe, just 10% of people would be willing to replace meat with insects, according to a survey by the . To some, this unwillingness to eat insects is a missed opportunity.........Read more

Why aren't antiviral drugs as effective as antibiotics?

"The majority of scientific opinion in this country is still firmly of the view that there will be another wave of Covid at some stage this year." The Prime Minister hopes to have antiviral drugs ready by the autumn to help quell a third wave. While there are anti-inflammatory drugs that reduce the risk of death from Covid-19, such as dexamethasone and tocilizumab, they are only given to people hospitalised with severe Covid-19. But Johnson wants drugs that can be taken at home, in pill form, that stop people ending up in hospital on a ventilator.........Read more

Which plant-based milk is better for the planet? This is what the science says

In fact, a 2018 study estimated that dairy milk is around three times more greenhouse gas emission-intensive than plant-based milks. What’s more, dairy generally requires nine times more land than any of the plant-based alternatives. Every liter of cow’s milk uses 8.9 square meters per year, compared to 0.8 for oat, 0.7 for soy, 0.5 for almond and 0.3 for rice milk. Water use is similarly higher for cow’s milk: 628 liters of water are used to produce every liter of dairy, compared to 371 for almond, 270 for rice, 48 for oat and 28 for soy milk.........Read more

Aging is inevitable, so why not do it joyfully? Here’s how

It was recently my birthday. It wasn’t a “big” birthday — one of those round-numbered ones that feels like a milestone — but nevertheless it got me thinking about aging. When I was a kid, growing older felt like an achievement. Each year that passed marked one step closer to adulthood, which for me meant independence and freedom. I remember going to the city with my dad to see plays or go to the Met and seeing a group of women having lunch in a café. It seemed glamorous and exciting to be an adult. I couldn’t wait. Likewise, I never quite understood the popular antipathy toward old age. At Spencer’s, a novelty store at the Galleria Mall in White Plains where my friends and I would find gag gifts, I was always perplexed by the section of “Over the Hill” merchandise. I mean, my grandparents didn’t listen to my music or play Nintendo with me, but they were cool in their own way — not crusty and out of touch like the caricatures suggested. The geezer jokes and “lying about your age” punchlines that adorned the mugs and t-shirts there seemed to come from another world, one that didn’t make sense to me.........Read more

How to Grow Mango Trees at Home in Just 6 Easy Steps

What started as a curiosity to grow plants during her childhood, has turned into an active hobby with encouragement from family and friends for Hyderabad-based Naina Sarda. She details how the often discarded mango seed has been used as a mouth freshener and also for high blood pressure patients while narrating a step-by-step guide on growing mango saplings at home. s a child, I fancied having a huge garden to myself and despite several attempts, I faced tough luck in growing mango plants at home. After extracting the juicy pulp, for years we have been discarding the skin and seed of the mango. I felt sad thinking about the number of seeds that are going to waste and wondered if there was any way they could be used. It was only a few years ago that I finally got myself to do something about it.........Read more

How Pixar Uses Hyper-Colors to Hack Your Brain

Lighting a computer-rendered Pixar movie isn't like lighting a film with real actors and real sets. The software Pixar uses creates virtual sets and virtual illumination, just 1s and 0s, constrained only by the physics they're programmed with. Lights, pixels, action. Real-world cameras and lenses have chromatic aberration, sensitivities or insensitivities to specific wavelengths of light, and ultimately limits to the colors they can sense and convey—their gamut. But at Pixar the virtual cameras can see an infinitude of light and color. The only real limit is the screen that will display the final product. And it probably won't surprise you to hear that the Pixarians are pushing those limits too.........Read more

How robot muscles could be built from DNA-inspired ‘supercoiling’ fibers

DNA is not the only helix in nature. Flip through any biology textbook and you’ll see helices everywhere from the alpha-helix shapes of individual proteins to the “coiled coil” helices of fibrous protein assemblies like keratin in hair. Some bacteria, such as spirochetes, adopt helical shapes. Even the cell walls of plants can contain helically arranged cellulose fibers.........Read more

Is the Covid vaccine safe for expecting and lactating mothers? A doc advises

Are you currently pregnant, breastfeeding or have an infant at home? Or if you are planning a pregnancy, you may be wondering if you should get a vaccine. With unprecedented spread of the deadly virus in India and the parallel vaccine rollout in progress, as a practicing neonatologist, my colleagues and I are often asked questions by patients if they can take the COVID-19 vaccine or not, what are the risks of COVID-19 to the mother and the potential risks to your foetus or infant, any side-effects, should they take medicines if they are lactating? Is this vaccine safe and what will be the outcome on the pregnancy/infant after taking the vaccine? I am sure the medical fraternity is flooded with apprehensions, questions, doubts and queries on the safety of the vaccines during this .........Read more

Vitamin D sources: Here’s what you need to know about staying healthy in pandemic

Vitamin is an important component of health, without which the body cannot function properly. But as many people continue to be in lockdown, the absence of sunlight can cause some serious vitamin D deficiency. Why is vitamin D3 important? Dr Harish Naik, consultant neurosurgery, Hiranandani Hospital, Vashi-A Fortis Network Hospital says “vitamin D3 has many mechanisms by which it improves bone health, controls neurological problems, reduces risk of microbial infection, increases cellular natural immunity, and adaptive immunity”. It is a steroid hormone, activated endogenously with the effect of ultraviolet radiation received from the sun, or from food sources and dietary supplements. Our body must have vitamin D to absorb calcium, to be able to promote and maintain bone health. We also need vitamin D for other important body functions, the doctor explains.........Read more

Explained: What you need to know before buying an oxygen concentrator for home

On April 28, the Government of India announced it will procure one lakh oxygen concentrator and distribute in high burden states as an alternative to depleting resources of liquid medical oxygen. A scarcity of cylinders has also pushed concentrator market, earlier a supplementary medical equipment, at the forefront for home isolated patients and moderate patients in hospitals. But using the correct specification is important. Only mild to moderately ill patients, who have an oxygen saturation level between 90-94, should depend on an oxygen concentrator and can use it at home. Because there is scarcity of oxygen, even those with oxygen level as low as 85 can opt for one. Anyone with oxygen saturation depleting below 80-85 may need higher flow of oxygen and will have to switch to a cylinder or liquid medical oxygen supply.........Read more

Apple Watch may get blood sugar monitoring feature, claims new report

Watch could feature various new health sensors to measure blood glucose, blood pressure and alcohol levels. An SEC filing for UK startup Rockley Photonics has revealed a significant relationship with Apple, that may result in the introduction of blood sugar monitoring functions to future products. Rockley Photonics is a UK-based company that is involved in designing sensors for monitoring blood using infrared light. The sensors are said to be capable of monitoring blood glucose and alcohol levels, which is normally possible using medical or specialised equipment.........Read more

Ask The Doctor: What To Do If Your Covid-19 test Is Negative But You Still Have Symptoms?

Dr Parul Vadgama, Head of Department, Respiratory Medicine, Government Medical College, Surat. She is also Vice president, IMA GSB (Indian Medical Association Gujarat State Branch) A year after the Coronavirus pandemic wrecked our collective lives, our society has been grappling with fear and insecurity. As a result, we have seen misinformation spread like wildfire, and many resorting to bizarre and incorrect methods of dealing with the virus. With this column, which will be published every Sunday, we aim to address any health or vaccine-related question our readers might have about the coronavirus pandemic. In this week’s column, Dr Parul Vadgama, Head of Department, Respiratory Medicine, Government Medical College, Surat has answered queries. She is also Vice president, IMA GSB (Indian Medical Association Gujarat State Branch). When will the second wave peak in India? ........Read more

3-D printing to self-driving, how tech is upgrading wheelchair design

Most are relying on the same decades-old technology to get around. That’s because the wheelchair, for all that it has done to improve the quality of people’s lives, has changed little over the course of the past generation. The digital technologies shaping the Fourth Industrial Revolution also have  . Here are three tech-driven start-ups and entrepreneurs working to bring the power of digital transformation to bear on the wheelchair. In South Korea, Guru IoT is, as the name suggests, an Internet of Things company. It has created a self-driving wheelchair using the concept of digital twinning. Stored on a cloud-computing platform, a detailed map can be accessed by the wheelchair, allowing it to navigate its way round its environment safely. This approach is less expensive than equipping it with sensors connected to the internet, transmitting and receiving data in real-time.........Read more

How Climate Change Moved Earth's Axis

A strange impact of the continuously warming climate is that colossal amounts of ice melting into the planet's oceans have played a prominent role in moving Earth's axis — the invisible line Earth rotates around. As the planet warms, ice from glaciers and ice sheets migrates from land into the sea (as water), which majorly redistributes weight on the globe. This phenomenon, which scientists recently found more evidence for, ultimately shifts the planet's axis, something scientists call "polar drift." "The Earth is like a spinning top, and if you put more mass on one side or the other, the axis of rotation is going to shift slightly," explained Isabella Velicogna, a professor of earth system sciences at the University of California, Irvine, and a researcher at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory. ........Read more

Do snakes have ears?

Snakes are unique animals, with their limbless bodies, flicking tongues and the ability to devour prey whole. They mostly rely on their sense of smell to hunt prey, although they do use sight and sound too. But do snakes have ears? Yes and no, Sara Ruane, a herpetologist at Rutgers University in New Jersey, told Live Science. Like many reptiles, snakes don't have an external ear structure. However, they do have ear bones in their heads that they use to hear. "When you think about animals, whether it's a dog or a , they hear a noise in a different direction and shift their external ear in order to better capture that sound in case it happens again," Ruane said. "An internal ear is the part where the actual nuts and bolts of hearing happen." Snakes only have the nuts and bolts part of the ear.........Read more

The novel coronavirus' spike protein plays additional key role in illness

The paper, published on April 30, 2021, in Circulation Research, also shows conclusively that COVID-19 is a vascular disease, demonstrating exactly how the SARS-CoV-2 virus damages and attacks the vascular system on a cellular level. The findings help explain COVID-19's wide variety of seemingly unconnected complications, and could open the door for new research into more effective therapies. "A lot of people think of it as a respiratory disease, but it's really a vascular disease," says Assistant Research Professor Uri Manor, who is co-senior author of the study. "That could explain why some people have strokes, and why some people have issues in other parts of the body. The commonality between them is that they all have vascular underpinnings." Salk researchers collaborated with scientists at the University of California San Diego on the paper, including co-first author Jiao Zhang and co-senior author John Shyy, among others.........Read more

Explained: The difference between being put on ventilator and oxygen supply

With the Covid-19 pandemic statistics increasing globally, many who have tested positive for the virus and are critically ill require oxygen support or are put on ventilators to assist them with breathing. As the British minister noted, however, there is a difference between the two. A ventilator is invasive, as a tube is introduced into the lungs through the patient's mouth and throat. The other end of the tube is attached to a machine that pushes air in and out of the lungs. The process of the exchange of gases betweenlungsand ambient air is known as ventilation in respiratory physiology.........Read more

How Rapid Tests, And Not RT-PCR, Can Help End The Pandemic

RT-PCR tests are great at individual level but at a societal level, rapid tests are what will help bring down the pandemic spread to zero. Imagine if we were attacked by ‘Mr India’ type soldiers from across the border. They have magical powers to not be visible to the naked eye. Our scientists thankfully develop the tech, say goggles (yes, just like Mr India), and supply them to our armed forces to detect the enemy and neutralise. But sadly the enemy has penetrated in such large numbers and too deep and wide in the country to be handled by the army alone. The common sense thing then would be to develop enough googles for general public so that they can mount a response at an individual and community level. Sure, armed forces are professional but given the circumstances, leaving the job only to them will be a serious limitation.........Read more

COVID 19 test report: How to read Ct value and why is it important?

With COVID-19 pandemic, people across the world are becoming increasingly familiar with scientific terms. One such term that now becomes part of the public vocabulary is ‘Ct value’ which is indicated in RT-PCR tests which help to determine whether a patient is COVID-19 positive or not. Today’s IE’s report refers to how the Maharashtra government had recently sought clarity from the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) to understand whether it is advisable to go forward with treating a person as Covid-negative if the Ct value exceeds 24 and the person seems to be asymptomatic.........Read more

The Future For Indian Foodtech Giants Is Not Just About Food Delivery

With the start of a new financial year, India’s foodtech startups are once again flush with funds, but the upcoming fight is no more about market share The two foodtech giants Zomato and Swiggy has passed well over the $1Bn mark, and now both companies are now diverging on how take business forward As Zomato deepens focus on B2B services for restaurants, Swiggy is going all-in with its focus on expanding into new non-food categories With several casualties such as TinyOwl, Foodpanda, Spoonjoy, and even UberEats (which exited to Zomato) in the past, the Indian food delivery market continues to be a tough nut to crack. Yet investors betting on the food delivery market are not surprised. According to a report by market research firm HSBC Global Research, venture capital and private equity funding into Indian food delivery and foodtech startups has been growing steadily since 2014, and there are no signs of a slowdown.........Read more

Inside Kerala’s Hardware Startup Revolution: The State’s Journey To Becoming The Hardware Hotbed In India

The southern state’s robust social and intellectual infrastructure focussed on innovation has also helped it secure the title of Top Performer for two years in a row in the Indian government’s state startup ranking. It has been a journey of decades, though. What started in 1973 with Keltron — the manufacturer of a wide range of products from electronic components to sophisticated equipment — has now grown to house 2,200 startups. According to a report titled The State Of Kerala Startup Ecosystem by Inc42 Plus, in 2019 alone, the state was home to more than 230 technical colleges where it ran its Innovation and Entrepreneurship Development Centres (IEDCs), nurturing more than 10K aspiring entrepreneurs.........Read more

What Is Normal Oxygen Saturation Range? Signs You Need Medical Help

What exactly is oxygen saturation? oxygen saturation refers to the percentage of oxygenated haemoglobin in the blood of a person transported from the lungs to various other organs of the body. This is a vital functioning for the body’s survival. Coming to the normal oxygen saturation level. A person is considered healthy when the oxygen level is above 94. Now, among the patients who are suffering from COVID-19, it has been noted that most of them whose conditions are serious have suffered from a sudden dip in the oxygen level. While the normal range is between 94-100, readings below 94 can lead to hypoxemia, which can invite several health complications. When your oxygen level is below 90, it can be considered as a warning sign that your health is degrading and this is the time when one should seek medical help.........Read more

Anesthesia doesn't simply turn off the brain, it changes its rhythms

"There's a folk psychology or tacit assumption that what anesthesia does is simply 'turn off' the brain," said Earl Miller, Picower Professor of Neuroscience and co-senior author of the study in eLife. "What we show is that propofol dramatically changes and controls the dynamics of the brain's rhythms." Conscious functions, such as perception and cognition, depend on coordinated brain communication, in particular between the thalamus and the brain's surface regions, or cortex, in a variety of frequency bands ranging from 4 to 100 Hz. Propofol, the study shows, seems to bring coordination among the thalamus and cortical regions down to frequencies around just 1 Hz.........Read more

No life, no hobbies, burnout, lost childhood — the price students pay for a prized IIT seat

They are the country’s premier engineering institutes and getting into them is internationally considered more difficult than admission into Princeton, America’s Ivy League university. Last year, 1.5 million students took the Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) to qualify for 13,000 seats in 23 IITs across the country — in other words, for each seat there were 115 aspirants.........Read more

Not Bitcoin, NFTs, Ethereum. Blockchain is the real magic & this is what it’s all about

For those of you who have not wrapped your head around what a blockchain is or does, here is a ready reckoner. Below it, we shall also detail India’s uneasiness with the blockchain and cryptocurrency and why it should be persuaded to embrace it. A blockchain is a unique database, behind the technology that powers cryptocurrency like Bitcoin. The blockchain database stores information differently from a typical database. As the name suggests, data is stored in groups or blocks which are then chained together. It is called a blockchain because the latest transaction block will contain details of the previous transaction block. New data enters fresh blocks and once that block is created, it is attached to the chain chronologically.........Read more

For IPL Organisers, Loss Of Revenue Seems More Important Than Loss Of Lives Due To COVID

As India grapples with an unprecedented health crisis, with hundreds of thousands of daily reported cases of COVID-19, tens of thousands of patients ill without oxygen or hospital beds, there is a general sense of gloom and despair prevailing in the country. However, in this war-like medical emergency that the country is going through at a scale hitherto witnessed in the last century, where all sense of normalcy is disrupted, one activity that continues as if everything is hunky-dory is the annual summer tamasha called the Indian Premier League (IPL). Ostensibly held in a secure ‘bio-bubble’ in various cities across India, where support staff, cricketers, coaches and others associated with the league are not allowed to have contact with outsiders, it seems that this edition of IPL is held in a bubble completely detached from the realities outside.........Read more

Covid Explained: What Needs To Be Done If Symptoms Persist? Can I Get Re-Infected?

Like the 1918-20 Spanish flu, the second all-India surge of the Covid-19 pandemic has been more devastating than the first. It has also appeared to be different from last year’s surge in several ways, increasing worries and anxiety. Here are a few frequently asked questions:........Read more

Why Indian campuses need gender neutral hostels

Most Indian universities don’t have gender neutral hostels, and for transgender, queer and questioning students, this is a question of safety and respect. “I was waiting at the Ladies Hostel at the University of Hyderabad for a friend, when a security guard threatened me,” says Aruvi, a student at the university. “She said I was not supposed to be there as it’s a ladies’ hostel,” the transgender student recalls, adding that she was humiliated by the guard. Aruvi doesn’t have access to equitable housing on campus currently, because the university — like most others across the country — does not have a gender neutral hostel. And to ensure that this changes, Aruvi is leading the fight to bring in gender neutral housing at the campus.........Read more

24 hidden Android settings you should know about

Android phones come in a wide variety of shapes and sizes. But within, they all run the same basic operating system, that includes settings to let you tailor to your needs. In this guide, we collected 24 lesser-known customizations for you to toy with. Before we start, a quick caveat—although the same Android code runs all of these phones, manufacturers often modify the operating system by slapping a software skin on top. Our instructions specifically apply to Android 10 and Android 11, which you’ll find on Google’s . However if you own a phone that runs a different version of the operating system, you may still be able to apply these Android settings—you’ll just have to rummage around a little more to find them.........Read more

Malaria vaccine hailed as potential breakthrough

A malaria vaccine has proved to be 77% effective in early trials and could be a major breakthrough against the disease, says the University of Oxford team behind it. Malaria kills more than 400,000 people a year, mostly children in sub-Saharan Africa. But despite many vaccines being trialled over the years, this is the first to meet the required target. The researchers say this vaccine could have a major public health impact. , the vaccine was found to be safe, and showed "high-level efficacy" over 12 months of follow-up. Larger trials in nearly 5,000 children between the ages of five months and three years will now be carried out across four African countries to confirm the findings. Malaria is a life-threatening disease caused by parasites that are transmitted to people through mosquito bites. Although preventable and curable, the World Health Organization estimates there were 229 million cases worldwide in 2019 and 409,000 deaths.........Read more